26 Nov 2012

Sample Essay: Legal Prostitution as a Form of Unethical Business


Prostitution is a controversial topic with a faction of the society arguing that the ancient trade should be legalized whereas the opponents insist that prostitution should be an illegal business because it is unethical. The commercial sex effects and its nature elicit divided opinion because legalizing prostitution as a trade affects its characteristic as a gendered institution and social nature. A section of the society perceives prostitution as an unequivocal exercise of patriarchal control over women. The opponents of legalized prostitution business argue that the business is intrinsically sexually violent, which implies that it is an avenue of exploiting women. On the other hand, the proponents of prostitution state that it is an inevitable market exchange; thus, a form of business. Notwithstanding, prostitution has also been perceived as an expression of own sexual agency of women in the society.

The varied ethical and unethical dimensions of legalizing prostitution have been the contributing factors to the passionate exchanges on the position of prostitution as a form of business. The challenge in prostitution is that it is not a unitary business with standardized social exchange, and it is also persistently a gendered institution in the society. The practice of prostitution has social, economic and cultural connotations that vary, depending on multiple factors such as culture. Consequently, the varied opinions and debates arising out of prostitution take the form of ethical and unethical underpinnings. Legalized prostitution as a form of unethical business is discussed critically and in detail, presenting both sides of the argument.

An Analysis of Legalizing Prostitution as an Ethical Business

All legal employments do not operate under similar work environments and conditions. Various workplaces have diverse environments, depending on the management, occupational regulations, business owners and informal culture among the employees. Similarly, prostitution is an ethical form of business with similar workplace challenges as other legal professions. Prostitutes, whether legal or illegal, do not operate their business services under similar work conditions. Moreover, their reasons to engage in this business are varied for each individual just like other individuals engaged in other business occupations. Different businesses and institutions interact and handle their customers in different ways. Handling of the effects of customer interactions in businesses cannot be same. As a result, prostitution is an ethical business practice with workplace challenges similar to other businesses and occupations (Brents and Hausbeck 7).

The dangers experienced by illegalized prostitutes in form of abuses and violence are reduced if the business is legalized. The business transactions between the stakeholders are often negotiated and offered within brothels. The prices are negotiated between customers and the sex workers in the rooms of the prostitutes. There is an organized management and rules of engagement, which help in curbing such vices portraying legalized prostitution as unethical. As such, the proponents of legalized prostitution business argue that research have indicated that prostitutes who work in the legalized brothels are much safer and experience  less instances of sexual and physical violence from their customers (Carver and Mottier 179).

The dangers and abuses touted to make legalized prostitution business unethical are handled effectively within brothels because the institutions have in place particular practices, which work to guarantee employee’s health and safety. The brothels have structured negotiation process and monitoring rooms to abate cases of sexual violence and physical abuses. Preventing services are enhanced in the business and customers’ behaviors are regulated (Brents and Hausbeck 11).

Legalized prostitution business cannot be regarded unethical because, like other business operations, prostitutes work as self-regulating contractors permitted to work only after satisfying the background checks approved by the state and counties. The business requires that participants pay for their license fees and pass health tests among other required regulations. Like other business occupations that are legalized, sex trade is ethical because the formal and informal rules subjected to the workers are different, the clients they deal with are different, their cultures and daily practices are also not similar. The business cannot, therefore, be balkanized to be unethical undertaking (Brents and Hausbeck 7).

It is ethical for prostitution to be legitimized because of the benefits and order that accompany such processes. According to Weitzer, legalization of business would offer the workers improved working conditions and employment satisfaction they may require. There would be less fear about the kind of business they engage in because of increased confidence. The regulations and structures governing the process would help in eliminating the challenges and problems that this business industry encounter. Police harassments of sex workers would decline. Legal businesses and occupations are safe and perceived to be ethical as opposed to illegalized operations and practices. Policing of customers in legalized prostitution would help protect the workers against violence and assaults, making the practice more ethical (Weitzer 92).

Legalized prostitution business would be considered ethical because the sex workers would not go through police harassments, possible sexual violence and injuries, fines as well as incarcerations. The sex workers in legitimate sex trade would experience stable social support networks and experience reduced cases of unethical acts like robbery, human trafficking and kidnappings. Legalized sex business would enhance the moral support in the commercial sex workers to identify with the business and reduce instances of reluctance to report illegal and unethical acts and practices within the business that brothel managers and owners expose these workers to. The unethical acts like hiring and manipulation of young girls and women to work in sex industry would decline. The reluctance to report the unethical acts and practices within sex business is partly of unwillingness by sex workers to identify publicly with the trade (Weitzer 92).

An Analysis of Legalized Prostitution as an Unethical Business

Danger and Violence

Legalized prostitution as a business takes place in legal brothels within the business industry. Legalized brothel business has certain indicators of exploitation that makes the business unethical to practice. Prostitution as a business is unethical because of the sexual violence and danger. According to the opponents of legalized prostitution business, the trade involves unfair and abusive labor conditions as well as continual social dishonor (Brents and Hausbeck 2).

Women working in the prostitution business are exposed to increased danger and injuries during their business engagements. The physical injuries and dangers in prostitution business include acts of sexual violence against the customers, which involve physical injuries. Furthermore, legalized prostitution as a business is an avenue to increased diseases among other crimes and abuses. The attitude towards the customers in legalized brothel by the involved stakeholders is often discriminatory based on psychological or physical abuse (Brents and Hausbeck 3).

The business of prostitution is unethical because it creates an environment where crime against the involved actors is commercialized. The sex workers are at times compelled to engage in sexual practices they do not approve for their payments to be executed. The commercial sex workers are forced to comply with these practices instead of consenting on the services offered or exchanged in business operations like other formal or legal operations. Exchange of services in sex business may be controlled by other third parties involved, such as the managers. The additional dynamics, which sex workers encounter in determining the services to offer to their clients, are forms of exploitations in these business engagements (Brents and Hausbeck 16). Despite the economic needs cited as the contributing factors to engage in this business, it can never be perceived to be legitimate because of the vices related to the business, including sexual exploitations and criminal acts.

The prostitution business is more inclined towards coercing the workers psychologically, unlike other forms of businesses because of the predominant position of the society on the practice. The sex workers in need of economic empowerment undergo psychological coercion when engaging in sexual acts. Further, they become more vulnerable to making genuine decisions and choices in life. The psychological coercions that this form of business exposes the vulnerable sex workers to make the rational interest of the prostitutes to comply with demands of the exploitative brothel owners (Roth 267).

Work Conditions and Control

In addition, the brothels where commercial sex work takes place have the authority to order the place and time of the service delivery in such businesses. The brothels could determine the clients that the sex workers carry out business with regardless of the position of the worker. The unethical aspects in this form of business are exemplified in controls and workplace settings in which clients who require business services can be turned down based on their race and the service preferences (Gleeson 12).

Prostitution business cannot be legitimized in any way because of the moral and ethical positions within the society that the trade goes against. The chances of women engaging in the business contracting venereal and sexually transmitted diseases are very high because the nature of the work conditions for the business entails sexual acts with several partners. Some commercial sex workers are infected with sexually transmitted diseases, and they may pass them easily to the clients they deal with. According to Murphy, 40% of sex workers in some regions in America are infected with AIDS virus (Murphy 33).

The business of prostitution is a continual explicit body-enslavement instance in which the workers are perceived generally as working animals. These commercial sex workers are reduced to needs of the body stringently. Legitimizing prostitution as a business does not eliminate the unethical practice in which the brothel owners are concerned more with the capacity of the sex workers to deliver more returns at the expense of their health. The practice of testing the sex workers regularly to determine their level of antibodies is for instance, carried out primarily for the brothels to ensure that their customers are safe. This exemplifies the practice of the business using the workers for financial gains. Infected sex workers may also be hindered from participating in the business on the grounds that they may drive away the customers (Murphy 33).

Women engaged in prostitution business have limited economic options to pursue. Prostitution in itself is associated with deeper social problems regarding marketing of human sexuality and bodies. The view of accepting prostitution as a legal business is challenging. It is unethical to expose humans to social ills and injustices because of payments or economic reasons. Procuring prostitutes is an act of exploitation and unethical for that matter. This form of labor to the society is unnecessary and inconsistent with the need to preserve human dignity. Legalized prostitution is absolutely unethical because it endorses all the ills, abuses and injustices perpetrated through prostitution (Murphy 34).

Solutions to the Prostitution Business

The most effective approach or strategy to end the business of legitimized or illegal prostitution is through instituting viable economic options, such as employment trainings for former and present sex workers who may have opted for this practice because of economic reasons (Murphy 34). Many sex workers engage in this unethical business because of the economic needs. Providing alternative viable economic options for these workers would help in cubing the rate of individuals involved in the business. Viable ethical businesses and legitimate occupations would serve in empowering the potential sex workers economically and deprive them of the need to engage in the illegitimate practice. The majority of the sex workers are not engaged in the practice because of the love of their occupation but because they needed to make ends meet and prostitution is the only easier option they could access.

The society should take upon itself to educate men and women of the right values, morals and dignity that make up respectable individuals within the society. The sex workers should be made to know that the society mainly decries the practice and business of sexual exchange for money such that women and men who engage in similar acts are deprived of the attention and ultimate love that morally upright people can get. The sex workers should be appealed to and convinced through constant interactions, explaining to them the dangers and problems that commercial sex work exposes them to. Through such actions, they would be taken in for reformation and rehabilitation programs and offered better alternative businesses to engage in (Nguyen).

Humans should be reminded and taught to value their self-dignity and respect. These women and men should be made to understand that they can offer the society clean, ethical, moral and safer services in life through businesses. They must be made to understand that the society has moral standards that its members should participate in upholding, and that unethical business engagements, such as legalized prostitution, do not contribute to establishing these societal standards. Instead, prostitution business only succeeded in providing a wrong and misleading example to the society. These sex workers should be engaged in reaching out to other sex workers and highlighting the vices that sex business contributes in the society (Nichols 107).

The religious institutions within the society should come out strongly in impacting their teachings and doctrines to the faithful and followers. Churches and mosques should influence the society in the right direction in accordance to the Bible and Quran teachings. None of the religious teachings support the practice or business of prostitution. If the society or the community adheres to the religious teachings and beliefs, the rate of prostitution and sexual acts within sex industry will decline. The church leaders should carry out awareness campaigns and teachings to ensure that the community abides by some beliefs and standards. Further, the government should conduct crack down on brothels and sex business owners who engage or put their employees through unethical acts considered illegal by the business rules and state or county laws. This approach would help the sex industry eliminate the business practices that contribute to the criminal deviances in the society. Nevertheless, the moral aspect of legitimized prostitution and human dignity for those who engage in the business will not be addressed through this method (Nichols 107).


Despite the justifications provided that legalized prostitution help to eradicate the negative and unethical problems associated with the sex industry, the business still remains an unethical because of lack of human dignity, exploitative work conditions, trading human sexuality for money and the moral decadence associated with engaging in sexual acts with multiple partners. The societal standards disregard sex business as an immoral and unethical engagement, which should be avoided. The problems brought about by legalized sex trade can be resolved through economic empowerment of the sex workers and rehabilitation of those workers. Religious and government institutions should come together in enhancing awareness and empowerment of the society against the ills and injustices experienced in sex industry. These actions would help in eliminating the sex business through minimizing the population of sex workers in the society.

Works Cited

Brents, Barbara and Kate Hausbeck. “What is Wrong with Prostitution? Assessing Dimensions of Exploitation in Legal Brothels.” Conference Papers — American Sociological Association. Montreal,: University of Nevada, 2006 . 1-24.

Carver, Terrell and Veronique Mottier. Politics of Sexuality: Identity, Gender, Citizenship. New York: Routledge , 2005.

Gleeson, Kate. “Budging Sex – What’s Wrong with the Pimp?” Australasian Political Studies Association Conference. Adelaide: University of New South Wales, 2004. 1-25.

Murphy, Julien S. The Constructed Body: AIDS, Reproductive Technology, And Ethics. Albany, NY : State University of New York Press , 1995.

Nguyen, Linda. “Laws against prostitution ‘unethical,’ court told; Sex workers’ safety ‘jeopardized’ lawyer argues.” The Ottawa Citizen 16 June 2011.

Nichols, Jeffrey D. Prostitution, Polygamy, and Power: Salt Lake City, 1847-1918. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Roth, Venla. Defining human trafficking and identifying its victims : a study on the impact and future challenges of international, European and Finnish legal responses to prostitution-related trafficking in human beings. Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2012.

Weitzer, Ronald John. Legalizing Prostitution: From Illicit Vice to Lawful Business. New York : New York University Press, 2012.

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24 Jul 2009

Sample Essay: Analysis/Synthesis of Two Argumentative Essays

A Critical Analysis of “A First Amendment Junkie”


Susan Jacoby wrote her controversial essay “A First Amendment Junkie” in 1978. Although she was a female journalist with a good reputation, the publication of this essay made her to be better known in women’s society as a “First Amendment junkie” particularly for her candid views relating to the censorship of pornography. In this essay, she held out her firm belief that it was wrong to impose any kind of censorship against pornography as it violated the right to freedom of speech and press guaranteed under the First Amendment. Little wonder that such a radical view ruffled many a feather of feminist activists in particular who found it hard to accept the fact that one of their kind was expressly advocating the right of pornography to exist at all.

In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyze the assertions of the essayist and hold it to scrutiny in light of contrarian views and to present argumentative conclusions on this controversial topic of great concern to society at large.


Jacoby’s essay unfolds, in her own words, as an “absolute interpretation” (Jacoby) of the First Amendment in relation to the rights concerning a wide range of expression modes in general and pornography in particular. She effectively argues that it is possible on the one hand to frown upon pornography and at the same time to defend the right to freedom of expression that is guaranteed by the First Amendment. She shows how one needs to take a holistic and healthy view of the whole issue without taking rigid stances as either anti- or pro-First Amendment.

This essay presents a bold defense of her unique stance and image as a “First Amendment junkie” and what it means for her in the society of her times.  Her unswerving conviction that the First Amendment must be upheld at all costs without regard to the content of expression found little appeal with the feminist groups. This in effect implied that expression of even prurient and vulgar stuff (read “pornography”) would pass muster even if it might be offensive to certain groups of audience.

It is not surprising to note that Jacoby admitted to having been ostracized and berated by “many women [she] likes and respects” (Jacoby) for her bold views in this controversial essay.    The essayist herself finds pornography offensive, nonetheless she stoutly opposes the averment that it embodies a mode of expression that is particularly vile, dangerous and as such to be forbidden. Jacoby thinks that such an averment is grounded in “the implicit conviction that [pornography] poses a greater threat to women than similarly repulsive exercises of free speech pose to other offended groups.” (Jacoby).

Writing Techniques

Susan Jacoby has a lucid style of putting her bold views across with candor and conviction. She minces no words in castigating the contestants of the First Amendment. She handles a difficult and controversial topic with the ease of a martial art expert, but for the fact that her only weapon is her incisive ideas and her armor unswerving honesty. By the very title– apparently degrading to herself–“A First Amendment Junkie”, Jacoby draws upon the curiosity of the readers and eggs them on to engage in this tricky but substantial social debate on pornography and the freedom of expression.

Critical Analysis

The essay contains her pithy and engaging criticism of the feminists who cried foul of her apparently outrageous defense of the right to expression without excluding pornography per se. It reveals our predilections and prejudices in the matter of interpreting legislation insofar as it pertains to the touchy topic of pornography. Jacoby argues how subjective value propositions and personal preferences lie at the root of an antagonistic approach to categorizing what needs safeguarding or otherwise in the matter of free expression. It sets a precedent to draw the lines between what a group of people in society like or dislike. This in turn leads to a flawed framework of judgmental appreciation to determine what is permissible or otherwise, purely depending upon its finding favor with the biased group. Such a process, Jacoby argues, detracts from what in truth art or creativity stand for, and even creates barriers to their own existence or continuity.

I tend to agree with Jacoby’s observation that the right to free speech and expression must not be fettered on the plea that certain forms of expression such as in pornography appear to be vulgar or offensive to certain groups of people. The essayist thinks that opposition to the First Amendment takes its sustenance from the subscribers’ failure or incompetence to handle hard issues with courage and maturity. She does have a strong argument for keeping moral policing at bay. Perhaps the solution to preventing the pernicious effects of disseminating such offensive materials to impressionable minds lies elsewhere, and not in the quick-fix remedy of proscribing.


Susan Jacoby does not condone or deny that pornography per se can be vulgar, insulting and offensive. At the same time she cannot subscribe to the view that certain forms of free expression such as pornography can be more pernicious or oppressive than others–racial, ethnic, or anti-Semitic writings or expressions, for instance. Although her averments appear to be anti-society at first sight, a deeper reading of her essay will show that if the right to free expression of pornography is shackled under the law, then the American society must be prepared to shut out many other such ideas and their expression as well. Susan rightly concluded that when we are faced with a hard situation in the context of the First Amendment, the temptation to “censor” is quite irresistible, but a better course lies in putting our “faith in the possibilities of democratic persuasion.” (Jacoby, 2005). The bottom-line of her argument is that the fundamental structure and intent of the First Amendment must not get diluted simply by virtue of the objections or personal preferences of some sections of society. This is not to preclude the possibility of eliminating lacunas that may exist in the legislation itself.

Works Cited

Jacoby, Susan. “First Amendment Junkie.” Critical Thinking. Barnet, Sylvan and Hugo Bedaw. Boston: Bedford St. Martin, 2005. 41-43.

On Racist Speech: A Critical Analysis


Charles R. Lawrence III, a professor of law at Stanford University, wrote the article “On Racist Speech” against the growing incidence of racial violence, especially in University campuses in the U.S. A college campus has the status of a “home” for the students residing therein, and as such any racist aggression or violence in general and racist speech in particular have the potential to disturb the law, order, and harmony in the social environment, apart from causing injury to the victims of such racial behavior. This paper attempts to analyze the reasons and arguments mooted by Lawrence to demand that racist speech must be regulated, more so in a college campus environment. It also examines how such regulation will impinge upon, or impact, the rights assured under the First Amendment.


Lawrence begins his article with a focus on the unmistakable message that racial speech “sends a destructive message to minorities that they are inferior and are in turn second class citizens.” (Lawrence). He further feels that the problem of racist speech “has been framed as one in which the liberty of free speech is in conflict with the elimination of racism.” He continues:  “I believe this has placed the bigot on the moral high ground and fanned the rising flames of racism. Above all, I am troubled that we have not listened to the real victims, that we have shown so little understanding of their injury, and that we have abandoned those whose race, gender, or sexual preference continues to make them second-class citizens.” (Lawrence).

The essayist laments that libertarians in civil society who stoutly oppose the plea for clamping down on racist speech have turned away their ears from the cries of the real victims as they do not really understand or appreciate the nature and extent of harm suffered by the victims. Exposing the reality of how championing the cause of free speech for its own sake comes in conflict with efforts to eradicate racism, Lawrence makes an impassioned case for eliciting support from the powers-that-be. A major support that the essayist relies on to drive home his point is the now famously known Brown v. Board of Education case that finally drew curtains on the segregation of students in schools on racial lines. He held this up to show that the government took its awareness of the problem of racism to its next logical step of legal intervention with a view to getting rid of “the system of signs and symbols that signal the inferiority of blacks.” (Lawrence).

Later in his essay, Lawrence takes a strident view that the goal of ending racial oppression and racist speech would remain an empty dream unless and until the regulation of free speech becomes a reality. He argues that under the cover of free speech, racist elements tend to take a moral high ground and go on to add fuel to the fire of this burning issue, thus fanning the “rising flames of racism.” (Lawrence). He thus feels that those who blindly oppose the plea for bridling of free speech in order to halt racial oppression only help in rendering racial animosities grow stronger by the day.

Writing Techniques

Charles Lawrence has a gifted style of narration that is lucid and flowing. He writes cogently with compelling logic and felicity in expression of his ideal. He is at times hard-hitting and honest in his exposition of the realities of life as he sees it, and makes forceful pleas to eradicate the evil of racist speech.

Critical Analysis

The strong plea for regulation of free speech made by Lawrence aims at eliminating racist oppression and racist speech even at the cost of legal restrictions to the rights endowed under the First Amendment. The writer thinks that if society has not been successful in this direction for so long, then it would be futile to imagine that free speech should continue even as the fight against racism goes on. He does not buy the argument that free speech empowers all people, including the victims of racism, to express their views and problems freely. To support his view, he cites the Supreme Court, which ruled that the First Amendment could not be construed as protecting words, which “by their very utterance inflict injury or tend to incite an immediate breach of the peace.” (Lawrence). I am inclined to agree with the views of the author inasmuch as unbridled freedom of speech might rather help in entrenching racist attitudes deeper than in eradicating the evil.


In the final analysis, Lawrence roundly castigated those that opposed regulation of free speech on the facile plea that the good of the society demanded it even if it did cause injury or damage to the victims. He showed how it was inhuman to allow such racist victim groups to continue to “live and work in an environment where at any moment they may be subjected to denigrating verbal harassment and assault.” (Lawrence). He boldly solicited support for the suffering groups of students who had their voices “chilled in a climate of racial harassment.” (Lawrence). Among the many approaches to solving the problem that Lawrence suggested are the need for regulation of free speech especially in college campuses, creating better awareness among those in authority, and empowering the victims of racist speech or aggression.

Works Cited

Lawrence, Charles, R. “The Debates Over Placing Limits on Racist Speech Must Not Ignore the Damage It Does to Its Victims”. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1989. 1-4.

Sample Essay: Riddick Trilogy

House of Spirits

The movie “The House of Spirits” was directed by the Danish Film maker Bille August, based on the novel of Isabel Allende. The movie features Jeremy Irons as Etebian, Teri Polo as Rosa Del Valle, Meryl Streep as Clara, Rosa’s sister, Winona Rider as Estebian’s daughter, Antonio Banderas as Estebian’s son-in-law and a hotheaded revolutionary, Joaquin Martinez as Estebian’s illegitimate son who comes back for revenge and Glenn Crose as Ferula, Estebian’s sister.

A brief summary:

The story of the movie is essentially a melodrama that encompasses three generations and contains the elements of revenge, violence, love and telekinesis. The Movie’s plot is set up at Chile and begins in the year 1926. A young man called Estebian falls in love with the daughter of bourgeoisie parents, Rosa De Valle. Being poor himself her parents tell him to become rich before marrying their daughter. Estebian’s hard efforts in the gold mines of Argentina gave him the opportunity to fulfill their demand. However Rosa is killed via poison, as predicted by her sister Clara who has some telekinesis power of the occult. Estebian then moves to Trés Marias and spends around 20 years of his life in transforming the house into a flourishing mansion by exploiting the poor laborers. When he returns to city he meets Clara, who, despite taking a vow of silence speaks for the first time telling Estebian “You have come to propose marriage to me”. They came back to Trés Marias and bore a daughter Blanca who married a short-tempered revolutionary, Pedro. Meanwhile Estebian banishes his sister from the house, beats up his wife and rapes a peasant woman while Argentina is on the verge of revolution. The product of this rape was an angry young man who initially convinces his father to send him to a military school and hence returns with a mind full of hatred and revenge to the Trés Marias. (“House of Spirits”, 1994)

Different dimensions

People with an appetite for such an eventful family saga, would definitely find the movie worth watching twice. The novel too is great to read through. The characters did not have any outstanding role to play but the combined effect did have the potential to move the audience. (“Isabel Allende”, 2008) While Antonio Banderas, as the jeune premier had a trivial role that gave him enough scope of proving himself intense. But nothing influential or attention seeking was traced in any of the roles except that of Estebian and Clara. The roles of the two Hispanics – Miss Alonso and Mr. Martinez were rather entertaining although their roles were undemanding. Despite giving a restrained performance, Meryl Streep’s dialogues and presence held some remote appeal. Glenn Close was dressed up quite boldly compared to her role and gave a shine of unconventional background. Clara’s presentations have rightly suited to bear the power of telekinesis. The movie, though was stretched out did have a substantial story line to hold back the audience. If one considers the Danish film maker’s previous pieces of marvels like Pelle the Conqueror and the appreciated The Best Intentions, from a script by Ingmar Bergman, then “House of Spirits” is a show that holds some difference and would lay large impact on the emotional and temperamental mindset as well as provide much to the calculating mind. Some critics also think that a Dane has no business making a movie about South America, but I personally feel it reflects the versatility and impartiality of a filmmaker.

Aside from these, the rape scene that exposed nudity drew criticisms from the worried parents as this famly oriented movie could not be watched comfortably with a family including children. It also revealed some violence that a young mind would not be able to take. Hence the target audience or rather the viable audience of the movie would be limited. Despite all, the set of audience would defnitely cherish watching the film that would offer a splendid dish for the human soul. Some psychological food of solace might be imparted to the audience as the illegitimate son of Estebian, who has raped his mother, comes back for vengeance after being trained in a distant military school by his father at his request. Inspite of his evilry some justification can still be found in his actions.

The exteriors, which were shot in Portugal might not have looked like Chile, but were certainly gorgeous, being photographed by Jorgen Persson, the Swedish cinematographer. Anna Asp, Bergman’s former production designer along with the photographer has made the settings a spectacular thing to watch. Thus apart from the star cast and direction, the setting and photography is also noteworthy.


Jeremy Irons truly brings out the facets of the character of Estebian via his passionate performance adjusting himself completely and suitably to the changing demands of the role throughout the movie. Clara is gifted with telekinetic ability and she reflects her dedication to the power though does not use it too often. The vow of silence taken by her for a long term may somewhat give muteness of the female character a lot of focus not just because of the oddness of the role but also the deeper expressions revealed from beneath that mask of silence. The overall impact of the movie would be long lasting and moving to the human mind and has a large variety to offer on a single plate.


  1. “House of Spirits”, August, Bille, Maria Conchita Alonso, Antonio Banderas, Sarita Choudhury, Glenn Close, Miriam Colon, 1994, retrieved on February 19 2008 from:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sqlNuX0FVRo
  2. “Isabel Allende”, Mostly Fiction, 2008, retrieved on February 19 2008 from: http://www.mostlyfiction.com/latin/allende.htm

23 Aug 2008

Violence Papers

Violence papers respond to an array of issues. Everywhere you look, violence plagues the foundation of freedom. Terrorism, religious wars, racism, senseless murders, gangs and workplace disturbances compromise world culture. What does one do to acknowledge violence? Write violence papers to demonstrate your understanding of violence. The world is not as peaceful as you may think. Violence is a recurring theme. Prisons are filled to the maximum capacity with violent criminals. Diversity forces some workers to transform the workplace into a hostile environment. Gangs infect cities with chronic danger. While reduced in present time, racism still exists in modern culture. The 9/11 Terrorist Attacks proves that outside enemies will do everything in their power to undermine a country. How should a student or writer confront violence papers?

Violence parallels the element of fear. Criminology, communication, media, television and film courses incorporate violence into the theme of its studies. Writing service companies employ writers that possess a great deal of experience with violence papers. Usually a majority of violence papers are argumentative and critical in nature. Students are given a platform to voice their concerns. Violence papers counteract violence, as they build on reasoning. Violence papers are carefully thought out. Students should analyze components that were responsible for the violence.

Considering violence from all angles allow violence papers to expand into a resolution process. Interviewing subjects, assessing the media and dissecting the psychology of the mind boosts an entity’s focus on expanding violence into a formal discussion. Preparing an outline to structure the introduction, body and conclusion of the violence papers ensure that facts don’t displace one another. Annotated bibliographies can’t be stressed on enough. Locating quality sources, summarizing the content and maintaining an objective plan cements the writing process. Some students tend to refer back to quotes and author’s ideas when they can develop an original viewpoint. Violence papers are miraculously a good strategy in implementing a plan to combat the violence problem that is sweeping the world. Writing service companies engage into traditional writing practices that construct quality violence papers.

Violence papers designate violence as the true benefactor of cultural destruction. Instead of discussing religious struggle with mediation, countries fight over territory to demonstrate superiority. Adolf Hitler used violence against the Jewish community. Gangs persuade youngsters to join their click for family and validation purposes. Murderers kill their victims because they enjoy the rush. Workers divide the workplace with outlandish behavior stemming from discrimination, fear of minority takeover and irrational thinking. Violence papers cover any violent situation that revolves around historical events. History delivers the most violent moments known to mankind. The past is about conflict, intense struggle and oppression. During the the violent encounter, some guilty parties weren’t aware of their actions. Violence papers are conclusive in noticing the influence of violence toward changing culture.

Violence is a fixture in modern culture. Violence papers communicate the core of the violence problems. Prisons are rapidly exceeding occupancy while the streets continue to foster violence. Why are people enthralled by the act of violence? The media mishandles news coverage, in result, gives violators the green light to grasp at their 15 minutes of fame. Youth culture experiences repression from avoiding violence. Rappers send out a false image that violence is enriching. Writing violence papers is an efficient way to retaliate on the issue of violence. Violence sparks an endless debate, as if rifts through culture, groups and identities. There is no cure for violence and no solution to remedy the infraction. Violence papers delve deep into the source of violence.

The main theme of violence can determine the reason for its occurrence. Writing service companies possess experience with elaborating on violence using quality content and analysis. Violence papers respond to violence using expert, personal and rational thinking. We all know that violence is negative, but at times, coercion is necessary to enforce change. Students have a chance to materialize on violence, which transcends customary criticism to improve modern development. A world without violence may be too boring for people to endure. Facing the consequences of violence is improbable if one avoids challenging the problematic issue in violence papers. As you write violence papers, the influence of the content can challenge violence now so society can enjoy peace, harmony and justice in the near future.

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Media Violence Papers

Media violence papers tackle violence on a grand stage. The youth generation is exposed to the corruption of media outlets. Whether it’s television, publications or films, media violence papers demonstrate the effects of its occurrence. There is reason to believe that media violence fosters the destruction of a culture. American culture blames media violence for polluting the minds of young children. The youth generation is an ample target, as media outlets prey on their innocence. FCC and parental controls are thought to be effective monitoring tools in combating media violence. Writing service companies know what it takes to write media violence papers. Experience helps expand the concept of media violence. Loosening restrictions on media violence only makes the matter worse. Media courses, especially ones that target media violence in youth culture, challenge student to develop a complex argument. Supporting or opposing this critical issue is one decision that confronts the murky waters in the form of media violence. How does a student compose media violence papers?

Media violence papers shed light on the inclusion of violence through media portals. Students must first learn about the background of media violence. Use some brainstorming sessions to actually understand the problems of media violence. Annotated bibliographies are useful in obtaining sources and summarizing the core focus of the content. Outlines are necessary to structure media violence papers. Media violence papers are well thought out projects. A valid argument depends on the data collection process. Why do academic institutions contain courses that police the airwaves? Media violence papers respond to the increase in violence through analyzing the fluctuation in divisive media coverage. Viewers know that violent tendencies are linked to media outlets. Students have the chance to build on media violence issues.

What is it about media violence that worries the general public? Everywhere one turns; they hear, see or experience the wrath of violence. The media uses conflict as a ratings booster. Conflict is more memorable than touching coverage. A person remembers violence over any other moment. Media violence papers voice the main concern, which supports that media outlets practice unethical behavior. The media enforce a conflict approach system for the same reason Hollywood caters to audiences with violent oriented films. Media violence papers are written to condense or expand on media violence.

Communication, film and criminology students are exposed to the underlining factors that spark violence. As seen in Michael Moore’s Bowling for Columbine documentary, media violence is responsible for insensible violence issues. Why is American culture leading the world in violence? Just like Moore suggests, the media influences the mass. In a way, they recruit individuals to mock what they view in magazines, newspaper and in the news. Media violence papers need to sustain a strong argument from beginning to end.

Media violence papers start off like any other academic paper. The introduction should explain your actual goals in response to media violence. Develop a strong thesis that anchors the core of your argument. Once students delve into the body of media violence papers, they can use their thesis to reconnect any lost focus. Media violence problems are inflammable to audiences. Violence preys on the vulnerability of its victims. Once viewers become influenced, they transfer that energy into modeling the violence plan.

Media violence papers are analytical, argumentative, informative and critical for responding to the media’s manipulating practices. The more one learns about media violence, the more seasoned they will be about the issue. Writing service companies are capable of writing effective media violence papers that can be useful in communication, film, television, media, public administration and criminology majors. Other majors may adopt media violence as the core representative of ongoing violence issues. Students are encouraged to curb influences and devise their own argument using media violence papers as a solution to counteracting the violence issue in society. Media violence papers will improve a student’s ability to realize the truth about media violence; airwaves, publications, Internet and visual media manage global violence.

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