14 Jul 2009

Sample Essay: Coastal Southern California, Expansion

Many aspects contributed to the expansion of Southern California’s coastal region. From prime location to expansion through business diversity, Southern California’s Coast became the stepping stone for economic growth. The land that indigenous tribes once inhabited for substance resource would become the window for economic stability in the U.S. Native tribes used the land for supplies and food and always took just enough for substance, but it was not until Anglo-American political and economic influence did Southern California’s coastal region really reach its expansion potential.

The indigenous economies that inhabited much of the Southern California Coast where hostile to any explorers.  There is a historical pretext in their society, as each one was able to receive and adapt to his or her land.  In this evidence, they became a society that had a policy with its people, which dealt with the traditions of religion.  We can see this culture begin to have certain needs in order to maintain a healthy society and livelihood.  Their tribal groups were concerned with the causes of his or her relationship, in its interaction with their natural resources.  And because the indigenous people had utilized their land for the purpose of survival, their land became a symbolic representation to their lives (Handbook of North American Indians, Vol.4).

However, because of the size and the diversity of their tribal groups, this promotion would lead to conflict, as it was in the new frontier of Southern California.

Colonization throughout coastal Southern California was inevitable. The first Spanish colony was established in 1535 by Cortes, but only lasted one year (Beebe 477). The unsuccessful colonization of Cortes was due to motivation of powers. Through countless unsuccessful voyages made by the Spanish seeking riches from rumors of pearls (Beebe 74) to solidification of trade routes to Asia it was only a matter of time before there was motivation worthy enough. This motivation would come in the form of religious power. As stated in “Lands of Promise and Despair”, California was not colonized until it began to receive attention as a potential mission territory (74). Spanish mission presence would not only bring the opportunity of expansion north, but would also bring military strength, which accompanied the missionaries[1] and eventually lead to establishments Ranchers.

The Rancheros in the mid 19th century in Southern California were able to cultivate their land, and use it for vocation and trade.  This advancement allowed the Rancheros or ranch owners to use their resources to establish commerce in Southern California.  Evidence provided by the census shows that Rancheros began to increase farm resources such as cattle and tallow.

California at this time had become a place which was seen as a new frontier, and it was an attraction for various nations .  These residents began to take advantage of his or her estate, by a new process of cultivation which included its live stock.  The Rancheros were also behaving according to the traditions found in their estate, and agriculture was an important aspect to the indigenous people but also to the Ranch owners. This is an important aspect to realize, because they were able to proposer from farm land, unlike the modern development at the turn of the 19th century, which would have a different social impact on a resident there.  Kevin Starr in The Americans and the California Dream explains, “In part it reflected reality, for the final decade of California’s Mexican era was a confusion of revolution, counterrevolution, graft, spoliation, and social disintegration as Northern and Southern factions struggled for power in a series of internecine clashes…”  (Starr 8).

The Rancheros did behave in an aspect which, they have shared with the ancestors of North America.  However, California at this time was beginning to have a new frontier open up, and as technology communications began to advance, this ideal of Southern California would attract immigrants, and the citizens of North America.  Southern California was viewed as a place which accepted an identity which was established by tradition.  For example, this would have an impact on the development of Southern California later, when the United States government established public transportation in this region.  We can see the Rancheros understand this dilemma: the market price of his or her estate would grow, as there was a population spike in this region.   In cultivating their natural resources, they were capable in establishing this land, as an economic trend in Southern California. Its decision to have a new agenda; though its decision to have a new frontier in the U.S., would coincide and conflict with the priorities of other residents there.  The Rancheros have had a dealt in describing a new social aspect because now they were able to have a new ideal.  Furthermore, under this evidence we can see that the Rancheros were able to adapt, and explain this social change in its agenda.  From its land development, the Rancheros have used cattle and farming in order to take advantage of their estate.  The identity of the Rancheros were conflict of the Indigenous people, once the population had increased in Southern California, as an immigrant workers were hired in this region.  Furthermore, they were able to withstand what it was about the Rancheros which have grown up during this time.  In this regard it seems that the Rancheros have used its ability in fostering a new social agenda which differed from the indigenous people, because the Rancheros still were influenced by an anglo-tradition, in order to establish their own commerce and trade.  Once again, the Rancheros could be seen as a people who were able to adapt and withstand this social identity and still maintain their identity with the tradition of North America.  This has been defined by the Rancheros at the mid nineteenth century, who have used their estates, as a natural resource to strengthen his or her commerce industry.  Furthermore,  Kathleen Fanigan in “The Ranch House at Warner’s, ” helps to explain the commerce equity of this culture: “The erection of the house preceded the deed conveyance, the San Diego County Assessor’s office assessed Vicenta Sepúlveda in June 1857 for the following: 4 leagues of land (17,600 acres) valued at $2,200; 435 head of cattle — $2,610; 150 mares and colts — $900; 55 gentle horses — $1,650; 16 mules — $480” (4).  The Rancheros were able not to compromise this identity and in so far, as we are willing to look into this factor, we can see the numerous agendas which have judged the Rancheros into accepting a new social acceptance.  We can see that Rancheros have a new political agenda, and have understood these factors– population growth.  This is a representation of the outlook a Ranchero had during this era in Southern California.

The Rancheros were able to behave in a tradition which did resemble the agriculture era of the indigenous people, yet the flux in the population increase of Southern California brought a different perception on its future.  In this modern frame of mind, the Rancheros became out of date, at least from the standpoint of land development from the U.S. government, in which it was to establish public transportation in this region, and which would also keep under control the number of residents.  Therefore, with this advent Southern California now became a region who was willing to accept, the traffic of laborers from other states, and able to utilize technology, in creating a new social agenda which had differed from the ranch owner.  For example, Charles Brace in The New West, or California, explains the geography of Southern California: “There could not be a stream of lava 140 to 150 feet thick, and 1700 feet wide (as it is in one point) without banks in which to flow… When it was poured from its volcano there could have been no Stanislaus Valley, now 2000 feet deep” (Brace 125).  And we can understand this description, and the development in Southern California in the late 19th century which was viewed, as not only a new frontier but also as a region which would implement, a modern course of events, which would include urban planning and transportation projects.  Also, this was a period when Gold miners began in the labor force due from the natural resources of Southern California.  For example according to the author Charles Brace in The New West, or California, “The causes of this retrogression I have spoken of elsewhere.  They lay in the unfavorable or undeveloped moral agencies here, the uncertainty of the tenure of land, the name attached to mining, and the distance of the country from the world’s centers of population” (Bruce346).  They were able to utilize this social boundary, and they were also able to discover from this social boundary a new frontier.  The social agenda of the resident had changed, due from the policies of the government, in creating a new image of this region which could embrace, the rise in its population.

There was also a political and Economic development in Southern California.  Once again, when we are reminded of California at this time, we can see this political upheaval begin to have its place, with the residents who had disagreed on this agenda. In this circumstance, his or her political stance would conflict with the mainstream.  Southern California, according to one author, “the causes of this retrogression I have spoken of elsewhere.  They lay in the unfavorable or undeveloped moral agencies here, the uncertainty of the tenure of land, the name attached to mining, and the distance of the country from the world’s centers of population” (Bruce 346).  This will help to explain the factors which would lead Southern California, not only to become an official state from the U.S. congress-, but also a region which would accept both urban and large estate– ranch owners– projects.  Furthermore, in this circumstance the identity of a modern state would impact the resident’s view of land development.   The resident in the late 19th century was able to have a new frontier, and which could be seen as a frontier which would open a new commerce.

The Southern California could now be seen  as an urban population, which would cause this previous landscape to change. Accordingly, this landscape would have its impact on the relationship between a resident and his or her region.  Then, they were also able to have a new social ground, not only from the situation of a laborer, but also from the perception of technology and communications.  According to the author, for example Kevin Starr in The Americans and the California Dream explains,  “In part it reflected reality, for the final decade of California’s Mexican era was a confusion of revolution, counterrevolution, graft, spoliation, and social disintegration as Northern and Southern factions struggled for power in a series of internecine clashes…”  (Starr 8).  Once again, from this process, the residents have had a new development of this social understanding, and a new development of how he or she would later accept this lifestyle from cultivating technology, as suppose to agriculture as the ranch owners had done, only a few decades ago at this era. Furthermore, the resident was able to adapt to this, and could be found in its development stages, first The U.S. government introduced the resident of this new frontier, which was associated with technology, and then promoting it as a land of opportunity.

In this circumstance, we can the resident have a new understanding of this goal, and have a new agenda, in promoting an appeal on its own.  The Rancheros could be seen at this point, as opposing this new ideal which would be permanent on his or her landscape; yet the market value of his or her estate would subsequently increase. This trait furthermore would have its understanding with a citizen, then the resident  was also willing to adapt to what it was about the Southern California at this time.

Furthermore, in this indecision we can see that because of Southern California, they were able to harness, a new identity and furthermore, reach the conclusion of these new traits and come to the realization of it.  According to census for example, we can see a rise in the population of Southern California:

1860 21,208 +390%;

1870 24,248 +14%;

1880 49,785 +51%;

1890 175,527 +253%;

1900 271 910 +55%.

This circumstance can be seen, that the resident was able to embrace this new image of Southern California.  Once again, from the social and political views of this state, there was a new development which was beginning to proceed; it would have a social impact on the way in which people not only in other states but also in other nations, would later view this social identity.  And in so far as, the resident was able to accept this social identity, we can reach the conclusion as to what this social identity may than cause, in regards to the land development in Southern California.  From this circumstance there seems to be a divide between the frontier land, and an approach which is different to communicate, on the other majority and have established a new social and political upheaval.  Furthermore, in this circumstance, we can see this identity begin to shape the views of the Rancheros.

In this evidence, we are able to detect that this state was willing to have an understanding on its relationship with the immigrants.  According to the author, Finnigan, she helps to clarify the division between a ranch house and urban planning: “This adobe represents more than an aged dwelling, it gives us a glimpse of life through the eyes of a myriad of individuals who came from a variety of countries and backgrounds. This humble little structure provides the only visible evidence of the grand and tumultuous times from the mid-nineteenth century” (Finnigan 3).  Therefore, a resident would be able to adapt and to change, due from the promotion of a new labor who would be able to accept technology change and market value.

Southern California was willing to accept commerce and trade, as its main identity. This stance would evident in the projects being developed here, including manufacturing industries. We have a new perspective on hoe the southern California would view this political agenda.  This country was able to detect a new political understanding and was also able to understand what it was about their country which could impact the citizen.

Near the end of the 19th century, the social and political strife which had divided classes, for example some residents were oppose to the increase of immigrants, would decline in the Southern California region.  Now the resident could accept this change, especially after it been in an official state, and decide on a political party to promote its agenda.    In this circumstance, we can see a social and political agenda begin to have, a new development and also its beginning, in the foundations of a modern society.  Furthermore, under this circumstance, it seems that they were able to commit to this agenda, and in so far, as they were also willing to have this agenda dictate each others view. The resident was willing to accept this point of view, and also willing to see this have its appeal in their society’s social and political framework.

We can see their political agenda have a great appeal, and furthermore from a circumstance, we are now able to consider to what this appeal has implied onto their knowledge of land development.  Once again, we should consider that the resident was able to adapt in this narrative, and furthermore have an understanding in its tradition.  The Rancheros would still be able to conduct business though, due from the land mass of Southern California, and would later learn and accept the advancements of technology.  This helps to clarify the mindset of an average resident, who was witnessing two cultures develop and share each others traits for the benefit of the nation’s economy.  Furthermore, from this decision we can see the ways, they were able to consider this deal and furthermore, they were able to foster these traits.

Ultimately, Bruce explains,  “Under our Government, beyond all others, the school is the ground-work of order and liberty.  I think, if the time and obstacles be considered, no city in the Union has accomplished more for popular education than San Francisco” (75).  This would help to clarify the state of Southern California, and its regard to the future of a cosmopolitan lifestyle.  After the advent of the Rancheros in Southern California, the indigenous people witnessed their natural resources decline and were unable to interpret this change.


[1] The Jesuits paid the soldiers’ salaries, and they where granted the power to choose and dismiss military officers and civil authorities (Beebe 75).

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