There are questions concerning the purpose of man, in relation to the cosmos. Furthermore, an individual has viewed his or her role, not just in the universe, but also, from its operations which effect society. This has lead some philosophers to speculate, the approach an individual should make, in his or critique of the universe. Furthermore, there is a cause which justifies an individual’s treatment on its relationship with the cosmos. From this understanding, the individual is to ask himself or herself a fundamental question: is there a concrete formulation between man and nature?
Once again, we have the case to argue the different pints of view from an individual. Furthermore, the individual is lead to believe from history, that the cosmos has given us the justification to belong to a certain type of religion– whether it be Christianity or Judaism. For example, Warren F William explains, in his The Earliest Cosmologies: The Universe as Pictured in Thought by Ancient Hebrews…, “like the revolutions and rotations of the stars, are incidents in a historical mechanical process of a larger scale. Prior to the present fixed motions of the celestial bodies, the whole mass of cosmic matter participated in irregular motions analogous to present terrestrial redistributions” (Williams 242), And in this frame of thinking, we are able to grasp, these different modes, and reach the conclusion that man is unable to interpret the cosmos fully, or able to gave a clear and logical explanations to the operation of the universe. This is an important factor to consider, when the scholar has undertaken the studies of religion, because he or she is able to critique and analyze this religion to a certain extent, and bale to justify his or her findings from the locality of where that particular religion begun, and also its history in describing its origin. Furthermore, from this understanding, we are able to decide the operations of the cosmos, and its complex agenda which it has on the ancient and modern writers. In this view, we are able to reconsider the identity of an individual, in so far as his relationship and chemistry to the universe.
Once again, from this relationship, we are able to reconsider the numerous aspects of his or her different effects of thinking, and to analyze further the way in which, his or her purpose and place in a society. For example, the author, Cael Synder explains in The World Machine: The First Phase the Cosmic Mechanism: “Stated in the terms of epistemology, the object of clear thinking is the physical cosmos, the subject of clear thinking the immortal soul. The realm of perception, wherein the mind is subjected to the body, embarrasses the Cartesian system” ( Synder 273). The cultural differences which separate religions, and those religions which have separated man’s faith have caused numerous interpretations on the cosmos. When the individual in a society has been able to factor in, the agenda of the cosmos which may effect his or her life, then we see this individual willing to participate in a religion which he or she can identify with, and be able to reach a conclusion in this regard. This religion will enable him or her to maintain a source for the unexplained events in his or her life. Furthermore, when all of this has been considered from the point of view of an individual, he or she will later find that the cosmos has its origins in his or her state of mind, or properly speaking, that he or she has an outlook on the cosmos and is able to identify with it, because of personal experience and reflection. This is the history which he or she has been able perceive, and the personal reflection of that individual which has come from their own personal growth. And each individual, we may further conclude has his or her own interpretation of the operations of the universe..
However, there is only one interpretation that is on a common ground with any sensible individual; for example, there are numerous religions but they all belong to the same cause. Therefore, though there is a difference in interpretations from religious thinkers and the common person, their goal has shared the same thing, in so far as, each individual would like to make sense out of the universe and find, the proper chemistry between man and nature. Furthermore, we are able to decide on the numerous appeals of the individual, who nows belongs to a certain religion and who is willing accept his or her religion,without having to consider the numerous aspects, which it differs from the others . The author of American Philosophy: The Early Schools, Woodbridge explains this identity: “The love and providence of God are less commonly supposed to warrant an expectation of special and arbitrary favors… my own feeling about the general central conviction of the favorableness of the cosmos to my deeper or moral concerns” (Woodbridge 110). From this understanding for example, we are able to detect a common thread, between the identity of the cosmos, and the individual who is attempting to explain this universal notion.
In this regard, the individual has been able to view the operations of the cosmos, to a certain extent, or properly speaking, he or she is limited in the knowledge of understanding its operations. Therefore, one can reach the conclusion, that this is where religion had its origin, from the state of mind of man, and this is where man was able to justify the causes of nature.
However, there is an argument, between the ancient thinking and also, a modern approach in regarding the affairs and laws of the universe. When we are able to further analyze this approach, then there is a clear division between these two modes of thought. In the ancient belief, for example, religion has an important aspect on how man is to contemplate the affairs of the universe. And in some ancient thinkers, like the Greeks, they were able to formulate an opinion on the their identity with the universe, by interpreting not only scientific data, in which they had a limitation to, but also by interpreting literature or the arts, in order to reach a conclusion.
This is important for the scholar to consider, because it shows the Greeks, who were able to find a co-existence with the universe, by implementing the knowledge of their culture and the fine arts. For example, the works of Homer are numerously contemplated by Plato–, and using this knowledge in order to create a foundation to the purpose of his existence. The author of The Psychic Factors of Civilization Ginn & company, Ward Lester explains: “The manifold speculations about the mind, by which was always meant the intellect, for it was not conceived that either the will or the soul really belonged to the mind, were chiefly confined to the department which is now called epistemology…” (Lester 13). Also, because the Greeks, till the time of the development of a modern society were limited to scientific research, they had to use something that was more intangible, and in this case it was the arts. This would enable them to rediscover the outcomes of nature; and this would have an effect on their perception of the operations of the universe. After all, nature or the cosmos would be able to inspire and influence man in creating works of art that could, generally speaking, ‘stand the test of time.’ And this was something for which the Greek writers were fascinated with, as was the polymath Michelangelo, and his creation of Sistine Chapel. From this transition,n we are able to discover that a certain religion, for example, Christianity ha its appeal to the faithful, because it helped to explain the dawn of the universe; its purpose to his or her life in the universe. In the words of Jesus Christ for example, he explains to his followers– “The kingdom of Heaven is inside you.”
Furthermore, this would help to explain man’s identity in its relationship with the universe. Also, now though there has been discourse on the ancient way of thinking, there is also substantial of a modern interpretation of the cosmos. Here again, because of the scientific research that has been made available to the modern world– there were scientists, for example like Newton and Descartes, who had a more stagnant appeal to their theories on the operations of the universe. We are able to describe the works of Newton, for example, as exemplifying the operations of th universe as a machine. From this regard, we are able to predict what this machine would create later. Furthermore, this machine operates and the purpose of this machine, would be based on calculation and on a mysterious trait. Therefore, from the 17th century thinkers, the world was to them a robotic arm, which could be detected and perceived and further calculated by the human senses.
Ralph Perry in The Approach to Philosophy explains this point, “the philosopher must of necessity occupy himself with subordinate problems, these cannot be completely isolated from one another… Perspective is his most indispensable requisite, and he has solved no problem finally until he has provided for the solution of all” (Perry149). This would make some scientist, for example like Einstein and Whitehead to reinforce a new interpretation on way the universe operates, and its effect on the process of an individual. According to these scientist, we are given the opportunity not to locate the existence of the universe and it origin, because there is a limitation which the human is able to register– for example, the famous 4th dimension in modern physics–, but only to understand the chemistry between man and nature. We can see a trend beginning to form, between these scientist and those of the ancient time, more importantly the Greeks. Both eras knew that, the importance was found in the relationship or chemistry between man and nature, and that each one was able to share each others characteristics and aptitude from a common ground. From this understanding, man was actually able to accept, the existence of a universe without having to understand its operations, because they did after all research the relationship of man and nature– the molecules in chemistry, could be given as an example. Also, they knew that man had an important place in the universe, and was not insignificant, because he or she was able to discover the link which gave a course to the cosmos and a being.
In my opinion, the universe has a place to man. And the individual has his or her own personal development to the operations of the cosmos, because each one has his or her won method of travail. Furthermore, from this travail or from the know ledge of reaching an unique conclusion, he or she is able to accept, that the remembrance of the things that he or she has experience, has shaped and formed their outlook on the methods of the universe. And from this conclusion, I am able to formulate an opinion which is my own; and furthermore, I will not need the aid of historical content, or properly speaking, a library on philosophy and religion. This was a famous idea with some notable philosophers, including Descartes who dis liked reading into any knowledge that did not belong to himself.
Therefore, from this generalization, I am able to participate, in other theories of the operations of the cosmos. Though I must still be careful as to what this interpretation may have on my own existence. And in this post modern era, which includes the numerous books and tales of the origins of the world, this is a simple solution to justify my cause, or properly speaking, by developing a rationale on the cosmos with the aid of a personal history. Therefore, because of the post modern world and with the advancement in technology, and when the individual has been given information which exceeds any generation before it, the cosmos has its relationship with the individual’s imagination and research. This shares its comprehension with the ancient Greeks.
Ultimately, the cosmos has been the main priority in all societies, in so far. They have been willing to accept or deny its operations, either as a fact or merely unable to testify to its persistence. Therefore, we are able to see a trend, when each individual in society has been given his or her own course, in adapting to these operations.
Warren, William F. The Earliest Cosmologies: The Universe as Pictured in Thought by
Ancient Hebrews, Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Iranians…. Eaton & Mains: New York. 1909.
Snyder, Cael. The World Machine: The First Phase the Cosmic Mechanism.
Longmans Green: New York. 1907.
Riley, Woodbridge. American Philosophy: The Early Schools.
Mead: New York. 1907.
Brunet, John. Greek Philosophy: Part I Thales to Plato.
Macmillan and Co: New York. 1914.
Ward, Lester. The Psychic Factors of Civilization
Ginn & Company: New York. 1893.