11 Nov 2012

Essay Topic: Negligent Tort

Introduction

Negligent torts are the most important torts in contemporary law. Negligent torts do not only concern deliberate actions. Instead, they also occur when entities or people fail to act in a reasonable way to individuals they owe a duty to. The action of negligence found in such tort leads to monetary damages or personal injury. This concept of negligence is based on the principle that all persons have to exercise a certain degree of duty care in order to avoid harming others. Everyone has a responsibility of not only caring about the result of their willful actions, but also mind about injuries they occasion to other people by their desire for normal skill or care when managing their properties or other people. Negligence by itself is not a wrong act; what makes it to be legally wrong is the character that defines that act. This study will mainly focus on analysis of the concepts of negligent torts, duty of care, proximate causation, and the different types of available remedies for finding of negligent tort liability.

The concept of negligent tort is a major section of law in the legal system of United States of America. Some laws consider it a breach of a contract in which the legislation gives a remedy in monetary damages.  Additionally, when the law imposes a specific duty on a given individual, and enforces a duty of care to which every similarly situated people have to adhere to, and those people happen to breach that imposed duty, those people become liable when that breach causes injury. In the same manner, a negligent tort represents immoral that is caused by the failure of an actor in adhering to the duty of care that the law requires it to comply with under specific circumstances.  The duty of care that is imposed by law differs based on the relationship and the actions between the victim of the tort and the actor (Egteren & Smith, 2002).

Whereas various negligent torts have different elements based on the different jurisdiction, four essential elements must be proved to confirm the occurrence of a negligent tort: duty, resulting damages, breach, and causation.  In essence, a negligent tort is constituted when an individual owes a service or duty to a victim; the person that owes the specified duty has to violate the obligation or promise; that violation must cause an injury; and the causes of the injury should have been rationally foreseen because of the neglectful actions of that person.

According to Siliciano (1929), the terms of duty of care imposes certain duties and rights on contracting parties. The duty of care in negligence torts can be imposed explicitly or expressly. It defines the obligation of one individual to another. The duty of care binds humans to one another in the community and provides the front door in recovering incurred loss as a result of negligent torts: all claims of negligence have to go through the “duty portal” connecting the scope of recovery of negligent torts with harms from accidents.

Proximate causation exists in negligent torts when the plaintiff suffers injury because of natural conducts of negligence. The only form of remedy available for finding of tort liability is to ensure the plaintiff establishes both the proximate cause and negligence. It is usually not required for liability that the negligence of the defendant to be the last proximate cause of a particular injury. Various types of remedies are available for finding of tort liability: when the plaintiff’s injury has numerous proximate causes, when causes of the injury occur at the same time, or when the causes of the injury of the plaintiff occur in combination (Mallor, Barnes, Bowers & Langvardt, 2010).

In conclusion, negligent torts are product of people failing to do what is expected of them thus resulting in loss or injury, or doing what they are supposed to do in a worn way that causes loss or injury. Elements such as duty of care, and proximate causation are necessary to determine a negligence tort. In settling disputes arising from this tort, several remedies such as compensation are necessary.

References

Egteren, V.H., Smith, R.T. (2002). “Environmental regulations under simple negligence or strict liability.” Environmental and Resource Economics, 21(4), 367-396.

Mallor, J.P., Barnes, A.J., Bowers, T., & Langvardt, A.W. (2010). Business Law: The ethical, global,and ecommerce environment (14th ed.). New York : Irwin/McGraw Hill. ISBN: 978-0-07-337764-3.

Michael, R & Koenig, T. (2005). “Tort of Negligent Enablement of Cybercrime.” Environmental and Research Journal, 15(3), 45-67.

Siliciano, J. A. (1929). “Negligent Accounting and the Limits of Instrumental Tort Reform.” Hein Journal, 30(4), 56-61.

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15 Oct 2009

Sample Essay: The Joy of Violence

Why Children Need Fantasy, Superheroes and Make-Believe Violence, as well as a former scripter for DC and Marvel Comics, among others. He spoke at the 2006 Montreal International Games Summit, about suppressing aggression, and how video games can act as liberation for such an tagonism.

Cognitive ncoassociation theory says that venting could augment rather than reduce annoyancTopic: Violent video games and school shootings.

The theory of Catharsis says that expelling one’s fury will bring about an optimistic enhancement in one’s mental condition. To justify this statement the violence caused by video games can be studied. It is said that video games have an immense role to play in facilitating the learning process. They have invaded domains even outside the game. Good video games are intricate, exigent, and extensive.  Good games have to slot in good learning principles in virtue of which they get themselves well learned. Game designers build on each other’s successes. Gerard Jones, an American writer, is the sole creator of some marvel comics such as Batman, Spiderman, Pokémon and many more to name.Gerard Jones is the person behind Killing Monsterse and belligerent behaviors. In order to release or vent their anger, people punch pillows, or throw dishes or scream. Legendary comic-book author Gerard Jones argues that bloody videogames, gun-glorifying gangster rap and other forms of ‘creative violence’ facilitate far more children than they damage. He says that the violent video games act as a tool for the kids to master their temper. Video games have been so much under attack recently, that the author portrays his ideas pertaining to the realities that remain veiled behind the issues. Most people in this business are very amusing and non-confrontational and the fact that they are being despised as the root of crime, causes of brutality, is distressing.

Video games have a built in benefit in the conception of incentive for an extended engagement. Human beings feel that their bodies and minds extend, in a rather intimate way, to the area around them over which they have direct control, usually a fairly small area. The space closely around the human body seems to be associated to it in such a technique that one can feel that it is being “invaded” by others. When humans can manipulate something at a distance, for example controlling with a keyboard a far-away robot seen on a screen, they get an uncanny feeling that their minds and bodies have been vastly extended .

The author Jones says that he was put in a petite, experimental school. It seemed the school was not suited for him. He was too scared to associate with his friends in their arrogant hustle into   adolescence. He thus abandoned social life and lived in seclusion. Jones argues that kids triumph over the feelings of powerlessness.. The dual-identity concept at the heart of many superhero stories helps Kids resolve the disagreement between the inner self and the public self as they come off through socialization. Playing a video game could help keeping the mind alert, active and youthful. It leads to the feeling of   maneuvering a character from a distance in a very exploratory manner.. The minds and bodies seem to extend into the virtual world filled with characters. This process appears to permit players to recognize effectively with the virtual character. The player subjugates himself to this world of characters and is powerfully provoked to obligate himself. When students are learning a technical subject in school such as some area of science, this domain could be seen as a special world of its own.

Less people presently believe that enacting stricter gun control laws will tackle the main causes of increased school shooting cases. Previously, whenever a school shooting occurred it was followed by the public calling for tighter gun control laws. But, supporters for tighter gun control in the recent cases of school shootings have become less vocal after realizing that the problem is not just controlling guns. The problem is much more than that. This paper aims at examining if tighter gun laws could reduce cases of school shooting in America.

American’s condolences were poured to the families of Aminish country who lost five girls while five more were in critical condition in Pennsylvania hospitals. No words can express the grief and shock that American feel about this senseless killing. Sadly, this case is not rare in this country where guns can be possessed by anybody. Chapman (2006)  explains that, Charles Roberts aged 32 who shoot these little kids in a note left behind said that he had molesting young relatives since 12 years and felt an urge of doing it again.

After the killing in the Aminish country, all over the country the citizens and the media began to ask the why are guns left to kill children? There is no clear answer to these crimes however, one thing is clear. These crimes could possibly be avoided if it was not easy to obtain guns. Even though stricter gun control laws are likely not to stop a deranged person such as Roberts, who possessed legally purchased guns, this doe not imply that stricter laws would not help. Chapman (2006) argues that congress has a duty and powers to enact laws that can bring sanity to owning a gun. However, the political will required to enact such laws is the one missing. If such cases that happen in Amish country will not make American and the congress to embrace stricter gun control laws then what else needs to happen?

Jaana (p, 36) observes that, America has about 250 million firearms, nearly more than the number of people in the country. However, the laws that are regulating all these guns are slack beyond what one could belief. It is not only possible to obtain many guns it is also possible to get them whenever one wants. Dirk  (p, 10) adds that, it is apparent the slack gun laws in America contributes in a direct way the many incidents of school shooting that  have continued to  witnessed in America. But, these sentiments are not shared by many as it can be sated below.

When the American public was asked to state specific preventive measures for the school violence, majority of them responded by saying that more extra attention need to be given to those students who show anti-social behaviours. In deed, 60% of those who participated in the research believed that giving added attention and taking a close examination of such students will be a more effective manner of curbing school shootings occurrences, while only 6% stated that passing stricter gun rules will prevent school shootings Chapman (2006).

Stricter gun control would not essentially make American schools safer. However when you compare statistics of the number of school shooting cases and those of a country like Denmark or Japan where there is strict gun control laws, having tighter gun control in school appears to be answer. Chapman (2006) argues that culturally, a lot have American prefer to ignore the figures that indicate that tighter gun control laws in America would led in reduced cases of shooting in schools. In theory could possibly adopt a gun control like that in Japan where the only the only group allowed to posses guns are the police, the military and the hunters. However, such an outlaw would be entirely bizarre to Americans, who for more than 300 years have lived in the freer culture when it comes to possessing guns Chapman (2006).

A number of people have argued that the best way of reducing the number of shooting in schools is improving schools discipline and not making the laws stricter. However, disciplining students in schools have its challenges  kin deed some studies indicate that  harsh school disciple may result in the students resorting to guns to shoot teachers whom the students feel this they are punishing them unfairly. Thus what could be intended to reduce school shooting could instead increase the shooting.

However, in a study that was carried out by the journal of Quantitative Criminology revealed that there was no link between gun control regulations and violence crimes. Stricter gun controls have been found not to reduce violet crimes. This finding is also supported by a federal CDC committee that was established in 2003. Similarly another study carried out by the National Academy of Sciences also established the same results: gun control laws do not reduce crimes (Jaana, p, 35).

Glass and Feldhann (2007) explains that, as for the shooting that happened at the VA Tech were Seung-Hue Cho went on a rampage of shooting and killed students and injured others, the problem is was not the easiness of buying a gun but mental illness. And this seems to be the problem in many other cases that happens in many of the school shootings.

Regarding reducing the shooting in schools many parents and experts believe that parental involvement would greatly help. In a study carried out by Gallup poll, majority acknowledged that parental involvement in student’s affairs would help students to be more responsible. Many parents agreed that more guidance and counselling from parents is vital in instilling discipline and reducing shorting in schools.For instance, Glass and Feldhann (2007) quotes a psychologist Dr. Susan Lipkins a specialist on campus violence states that Cho showed obvious symptoms of schizophrenia, and was bound to do something terrible. The superseding issue here is that the mental health system needs to be fixed and not the law.

Lipkins explains that, parents think that schools or universities have got a structure or mechanism to monitor their children (Glass and Feldhann, 2007). However, schools are less funded and have no any integrated ways of flagging distressed students. Teachers were there who attempted to assist Cho; some girls were in fact being stalked By Cho. Yet, no body was there to monitor his increase of alarming behaviors.

Enacting laws to ban guns in any way will be going against the 2nd Amendment since it state that, American people have their right to own firearms and that right should not be infringed upon  (Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution).

To own a gun in the U.S the federal law stipulates that:

A person has to be aged 18 or over in order to buy a shotgun or rifle from a dealer who is licensed by the federal government in any state.

A person has to be 21 years or over to obtain a handgun from a seller who has a license to sell arms in a person’s state of residence.

A federal licensed dealer has to document all the information of about the buyer, and all the information of the firearm sold to the buyer, this information includes the serial number of the firearm, the model and date of purchase. The dealer is also required to notify the Federal Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms, in case an individual purchases more than one fire arm within a period of five day.

Supposing the dealer fails to adhere to any of the above laid down requirements, the he is punishable ( Korwin and Attorney, p, 65)

In summing up, stricter gun control laws are not an effective way of reducing shooting in schools. Any gun control law has shown that they do nothing is curbing crimes or saving lives, or making schools safer. People and students who have in the past been involved in schools shooting are normally mental stable and there is little in law that can be done to stop them from doing the heinous acts they did. What needs to be stressed is the social aspect, to try and create give attention to children who seem disturbed and more important to getter a better relationship between the students their parents, the school and the society as whole. However, one can not total dismiss the impact of stricter law on reducing school shooting, probably it can assist but, its impact will be so little. As a criminal was reported to have said “Laws is for the law-abiding, and we aren’t, so they don’t apply to us.”

A video game of their choice would let them to take on distinctiveness as scientists of a certain sort, to see and think about themselves and their taken-for-granted everyday world in new ways. However, many of these principles are much better replicated in good quality video games than they are in today’s schools. The younger mass has to learn complex and challenging things in their academics. With the existing system in our schools to skill-and-drill and curricula driven by standardized tests, good learning principles have, more and more, been left on the cognitive scientist’s laboratory bench and, it is through good video games.

Video game systems are the source for much debate and argumentation in today’s society. They have permitted children to spend time in an interactive way to run off from this world and cross the threshold of their imagination. The creators of the games have only laid the guiding principle. Children, fancy themselves as characters with amazing potential and capacity to do many things.

Critics, nevertheless, agonize that children are not physically capable of accepting that games are not a reality, and, consequently, cannot comprehend, in the real world, one cannot commit the performance they do while playing video games. Violence, for instance, is found in more than half of all video games. Parents just as the author’s parents did, worry that children who continuously view violence in this way will be trained to see violence as a good action.

Numerous chief openings remain in the violent video game literature. One in particular is the lack of studies pertaining to the link between routine violent video game revelation and belligerence. The author says that the adults imbibe into their children, through a countless number of ways that their desire for violence is wrong. Little do the children understand this? Imaginary gun battles and symbolic killings mesmerize them.

At length, it is concluded that video game violence has been a passionately debated topic since the beginnings of the industry. The topic grew from the debate on media violence or violence in print media. Video games, because of their addictive temperament, are said to have more brunt on children. The proponents and opponents of video game expurgation do not actually plunge into customary political limitations.

Reference:

Jones, Gerard. “Violent Video Games are Good.” Mother Jones (2000).

Chapman, Steve: Gun Control Laws Will Not Stop School Shootings: School Shootings. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006, available at: http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&

Dirk Johnson: A Bloody Day on the Rez: – A Columbine Copycat Shatters the Calm in Minnesota: Newsweek, April 4, 2005. p, 10

Glass, Diane and Feldhann, Shaunti (2007): Would stricter gun control laws prevent tragedies like the one at VA. Tech? Available online at: www.ajc.com/opinion

Jaana Juvenon: Myths and Facts About Bullying in Schools: – Effective Interventions Depend upon Debunking Long-Held Misconceptions: Behavioral Health Management, 2005.p, 34-37

Korwin, Alan and Attorney Michael (2006): Gun Laws of America (5th, Ed.) Bloomfield Press (Phoenix), p, 65-67

Thomas Schmoll: Masculinity and School Shootings-Gender Public Advocacy Coalition Says Common Thread Is Overlooked in Media Coverage; America’s Intelligence Wire, March 22, 2005, p, 12-13

Bushman Brad, “Does Venting Feed or Extinguish the flame? Carthis, Rumination, Distraction, Anger, and Aggressive Responding “Personality and Psychology Bulletin

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05 Oct 2009

Sample Essay: The Politics, Economy, and Liberal Cosmopolitanism of Venice

Justice and Mercy in “The Merchant of Venice”

The Merchant of Venice is one of the most frequently performed plays of Shakespeare. Written between 1594 and 1598 in Elizabethan England where the playwright lived, the play is thematically rich. The themes of mercy, religion (Christianity and anti-Semitism), love and revenge, law and justice are all inextricably interwoven into the plot lending it the complexity that is characteristic of human emotions and relationships. The inexplicable unfolding of these underlying emotions and ideas contribute to the drama. One school of critics are of the opinion that the play is fundamentally allegorical, addressing such themes as the victory of mercy over justice, New Testament forgiveness over Old Testament law and love over money. Shakespeare also portrays the economic trends of the Renaissance period, the growing power of money and emerging capitalism in Merchant of Venice.

The dramatist has interwoven the ideas of justice and mercy throughout the plot, rendering them one of the prominent themes. The Christian merchant Antonio was forced to enter into a contract with Jewish usurer Shylock when he had to borrow money from him to help his friend. His friend was Bassanio, who was living in debt, but required the funds to travel to Belmont and woo Portia, a rich heiress. Because most of Antonio’s money is tied up in his ships, he cannot help Bassanio, but agrees to post his property as collateral so Bassanio can obtain a loan. Bassanio borrows money from Shylock who had reason to hate Antonio and his Christian friends as they often ridiculed him. Antonio had treated Shylock disdainfully, had spat upon him and had threatened his livelihood by lending money to others without interest, Shylock insists on the condition that if funds were not returned in three months, Antonio must forfeit a pound of flesh. Antonio agrees to this strange condition, confident that his ships will return with merchandise soon and he will be able to repay the loan. Meanwhile when Shylock’s daughter Jessica elopes with Bassanio’s friend Lorenzo, taking with her jewels and gold and converts to Christianity, Shylock’s hatred for Antonio and his friends intensifies. This is depicted in Act 2, Scene 8, when Salanio and Salarino exchange news in a Venetian street. They inform him that Antonio’s ships are lost and ask him if he will exact the forfeit of his bond. Shylock answers that he will as he was always ill treated by Antonio and his friends. His sentiments are evident in the following extracts:

“I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? Fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer, as a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die? And if you wrong us, shall we not revenge? (3. 1. 23)”

“…if it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge; he hath disgraced me, and hinder’d me half a million, laughed at my losses, mock’d at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine enemies – and what’s his reason? I am a Jew.” (3. 1. 47-52)

The multiple themes of justice and mercy, love and revenge, Christianity and anti-Semitism all come to a climax in the court room scene in Act 4, Scene 1.

..    At the Venetian court of justice before the Duke of Venice, the duke asks Shylock to show mercy by giving up his claim for a pound of flesh. Shylock refuses. Bassanio then offers Shylock more than he is owed, but Shylock continues to insist on exacting a pound of flesh. Nerissa, dressed like a law clerk, arrives and introduces the disguised Portia as Bellario, a learned doctor of law. Portia entreats for mercy on behalf of Antonio,

‘The quality of mercy is not strain’d,
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless’d;
It blesseth him that gives and him that takes:
‘Tis mightiest in the mightiest: it becomes
The throned monarch better than his crown;
His sceptre shows the force of temporal power,
The attribute to awe and majesty,
Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;
But mercy is above this sceptred sway;
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
It is an attribute to God himself;
And earthly power doth then show likest God’s
When mercy seasons justice.” (4. 1. 180-193)

She tells Shylock mercy cannot be forced from someone; it must be freely given. Ordinary people are seldom asked to display this quality. It is a gift given from kings and rulers. Shakespeare explores the tension between justice and mercy through the attitudes of Shylock and Portia. Portia’s understanding of mercy is based on the way Christians in Shakespeare’s time understood the difference between the Old and New Testaments. According to the writings of St. Paul in the New Testament, the Old Testament depicts God as stern and exacting. The New Testament portrays a God who forgives rather than punishes and offers salvation to those who forgive others.

The theme of mercy also ties in with the theme of religion. Portia says, “it is an attribute to God himself” and refers to the God of the New Testament, who is seen as merciful. The idea that Christians are merciful is repeatedly enforced in the play. In the extract Shylock says that mercy is for fools, or Christians, “I’ll not be made a soft and dull-eyed fool, to Christian intercessors.”

The theme of revenge is linked to the theme of religion as Shylock believes that revenge is a Christian quality (just as Portia believes that mercy is a Christian quality).

“If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by Christian example? – why revenge!” (3. 1. 63-64)

Shylock seeks revenge by exploiting the power of the law, and Portia manipulates the law to turn it against Shylock.

This theme is also repeated in the scene that Shylock demands his justice by the letter of the law and the forfeit of his bond. Portia lets Shylock have the chance to take the moral path or the letter of his bond. Shylock insists on the penalty, complacent in the knowledge that law and justice is on his side, deaf to appeals for mercy. Then suddenly the balance of power in the trial changes. Portia warns Shylock that when he cuts away the pound of flesh, he must take only flesh, not blood; for the signed agreement calls only for a pound of flesh and nothing else.

‘Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh;
But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
Unto the state of Venice.” (4. 1. 308-312)

Portia expounds on mercy, but it is doubtful whether Sherlock was granted this mercy. All his worldly goods were to be divided between his daughter and Antonio, although Antonio gives them back on the condition that he gives up his religion and adopts Christianity.

“The Jew shall have all the justice, soft no haste!

He shall have nothing but the penalty.” (4. 1. 317)

Bloom in “Shakespeare’s Politics” says that Shylock and Antonio act as representatives of Judaism and Christianity, respectively, and that it is Shylock’s absolute deference to the law that necessarily brings about his downfall. In this interpretation, Bloom illustrates the limits of law as to its ability to ultimately protect and maintain justice.     In Tovey’s “The Golden Casket: An Interpretation of the Merchant of Venice”, the play is treated as an allegory relating philosophy and politics.

In “The Merchant of Venice”, justice and mercy are recurring themes, and the interplay between them has a key role in determining the outcome of the play.

Works Cited

1.     Bloom, Allan with Harry V. Jaffa. Shakespeare’s Politics, 3rd ed., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981. pp. 16

2.     Cummings, Michael J. The Merchant of Venice – A Study Guide, http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net, 2003.

3.     Tovey, Barbara. The Golden Casket: An Interpretation of The Merchant of Venice, pp. 261-287, ISI Books, 2000.

06 Aug 2008

Criminology Papers

Criminology papers focus on law, court and criminal issues. People are fascinated with how the legal system functions. While people complain about criminals, they still watch shows such as Cops and America’s Most Wanted. Criminology papers challenges the internal and external practices of the law. Policymakers write policy, which citizens must follow. The same applies for governmental employees. Exploring the components of criminology, instructors assign criminology papers to ensure that students know to how to directly connect criminology with psychological intentions. There are is direct correlation when comparing serial killers, sexual predators, bank robbers, child molesters and other car thieves. Criminology papers delves deep into the background of a case, individual and legal methods. Students wonder how police locate suspects after a crime. The law enforcement system maintains one of the strictest programs in the country. Writing service companies employ writers that have experience in criminology. Where does a student start when attempting to write criminology papers?

Criminology papers focus on how society functions in relation to crime. Everyone wants to believe the world is a peaceful place. Other people assume that all people are dangerous. The legal system remains a constant focus as a way to protect the public. Lawmakers write policy to implement rules, which people must follow or face the consequences. Criminology papers argue, persuade, inform and explore how criminals operate in society. Criminals start practicing crime at a young age. Whether they hurt animals, people, damage property, rebel against parental authority, there usually is a direct connection to these areas. Of course, there are people that have made those mistakes early on in life and learned from them. Criminology papers analyze behavior of criminals that continue to break the law without expressing any remorse for their actions. Legality is such a complex system. The moment that a crime take place, detectives and law enforcement officers must dissect a scene. There are procedures on how to approach eyewitnesses, collect evidence and interrogate suspects. Criminology papers incorporate the concentration of a subject matter and work to enforce criminology practices.

Communication and criminology majors usually write criminology papers. There are strategies into formulating a discussion on criminology papers. The best strategy is to locate a potential issue in criminology. A good example is the death penalty. Human right activists protect on death penalty practices. They stand outside of prison facilities and protest against the death penalty. Criminology papers discuss why the death penalty is a good practice in society. Activists tend to forget that about the murdered victims. Is it right for a murderer to receive the death penalty? Criminology papers weave in and out of the debate. Depending on how a student wants to challenge the death penalty, they can devise a plan of action on the core issues. A student can research books that support why criminals murder people. Communication majors look at how law enforcement officers communicate with the criminals, suspects, and eyewitnesses. Court behavior can serve as another focus in criminology papers.

Criminology papers focus on the court process to demonstrate the legal process. Although a suspect appears guilty, the court system considers them innocent. Criminology papers respond to evidence, surveillance footage, taped confessions and visitation recordings. Law enforcement officers tend to protect their partners. Lawyers will attempt to discredit these officers with past actions, behavior and views. Writing companies employ criminology, communication and other major that possess experience in writing criminology papers. Students display interest about criminology papers, but lose focus on the meeting deadlines, gathering facts, exploring alternative methods and not understanding terminology. Just like any paper, criminology papers have an introduction, body and conclusion. Most of the time, criminology papers use APA as the primary citing guideline. When citing case, student must adhere to the other citing methods. Criminology papers are sure to inspire any writer, student and professionals that engages into the practice.

Writing criminology papers take discipline. One must understand basic law, court and criminal terminology. An entity should contain some knowledge of major landmark cases. When arguing a point in criminology papers, past court cases will help exemplify your argument. Writing service companies take pride in writing criminology papers. There is never nay boredom in the legal system. Criminology papers are resourceful for exploring the foundation of criminology and how it channels through behavioral patterns, practices and law procedures. When writing service papers take on criminology papers, there is never any shortage of ideas, as the subject matter gains an unlimited amount of interest.

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