17 Oct 2012

Sample Essay: Hamlet’s Ophelia

Ophelia, simply known for being incapable of her own distress, has been known in the history for epitomizing the mystifying woman who is hard to grasp. For the critics of Shakespeare, she has always eluded as a character (Camden). She is depicted as a herione who meets a tragic end. Her character exudes the potential of becoming a tragically devastated woman who finallyloses er mind under the immense pressure by the social norms. Ophelis is a product of her environment, depicting the way a woman was supposed to be in the 16th and 17th century. She was an obedient child , a doting sister and a loyal wife. She played her duty unconditionally and blended into the roles of women of that time so finely that it was hard to find a more perfect woman in those times. The Hamlet’s Ophelia is one of the most distressed, one dimensional characters of its time. She acts out as a tragic herione who has the potential to overcome all the misfortunes wrecked on her, instead she dissolves into craziness, thus encompassing the true essence of tragedy. The character of Ophelia is important because of the dual nature of women that she represents. The purpose of the character is to display the viewpoint of hamlet about women. Hamlet’s twisted view about women as subjects of seduction only makes him hate Ophelia all the more. He takes Ophelia to be amongst all women who he thinks are insensitive sexual predators that lure men into their charms and sexuality and then trap them with their conniving manipulations. So Ophelia plays the role of Hamlet’s whore version of a woman while at the same time remaining a distinctive innocence and virtue that was the chastity of women at that time. Hamlet’s betrayal start with Gertrude and it moves along to Ophelia who becomes the predated under the obligation of being an obedient daughter and a loyal wife. Hamlet is enraged with his mother for being the woman of masked connivance and because of this hatred he projects his sarcasm and loath towards Ophelia.

Ophelia’s character helps us to experience the viewpoint of Hamlet and his gradual evolution into a loathsome man who believes that every woman is a whore. He believed that women who wear a cloak of purity and chastity of character are the ones who are laden with evil from inside. He also tool Ophelia’s father as a pimp who prostituted his daughter to spy on Hamlet and when the purpose was served told her to stop talking or meeting with him. Ophelia’s abject dismay in being torn between the obedience for her father and her love for Hamlet makes her decide to go for her father’s wishes and follow in suit. This is because she depicts a true example of a woman who is obsequious in nature and believes that her life is devoted to her father before marriage and to her husband after marriage. Therefore, Hamlet’s version of whore is a woman who is used not by one but many men. Ophelia is used by her father, brother and hamlet at various events throughout the play. However, what really instigated his view about Ophelia was the apparent innocence she wore in front and the way she presented herself to him in servitude, yet remained loyal to her treacherous father simultaneously. For Ophelia, she was just playing the part of being a daughter, when she decided to seduce Hamlet, she did it out of sheer love for her father and brother, and when she shunned Hamlet away, and she did it because her father told her so. Hamlet’s wrath was pointed towards Ophelia for choosing her father over Hamlet, this reminded Hamlet of Gertrude, his mother, who chose his new father over the old. So to Hamlet, both choices were increasingly “incestuous”.

From an audience point of view, Ophelia represents a quite distinctive character. She is the damsel in distress; a woman so wrought with the pain inflicted on her by her loved ones, that she is unable to take it through the end and loses her sanity. To us, Ophelia depicts the convoluted character of women that still resides in each of women. She is a daughter, a sister and a lover. And she is destined to play all those in the most perfect way possible. She has to be an obedient daughter, when unmarried she must obey her father, and she does not act because she is supposed. In fact, she does it out of the goodness of her character and the demands required by the social norms of that time. Likewise, when she becomes Hamlet’s wife, she does not relieve her loyalties from her father because she was supposed to, but because it was ingrained in her give herself up to her husband, in mind and body. So she strikes as a woman who is an emblem of goodness of heart and mind. She has her childlike loyalties towards her loved ones, clings to them for being hers and she is not aware of the darkness that her small acts could lead to (Mabillard).

Her whole character depicts simplicity and sheer loyalty towards those who care for her. She is an epitome of selfless affection. She is desperately in love with Hamlet but has to hold because of her father. So she stays away from him, but her heart stays pure. Once with Hamlet, she clings to the very memory of Hamlet when he was sweet to her and loves her till the end. She is there to defend him even when his whip like tongue tears her flesh apart. She seems incapable of her own distress and is not able to defend herself in front of hamlet. However, her immense suffering was obvious through her coy responses.

“Hamlet: …I did love you once.
Ophelia: Indeed, my, lord, you made me believe so.
Hamlet: You should not have believed me…I loved you not.
Ophelia: I was the more deceived”
(Mabillard).

A story written on Ophelia takes the play from the account of Ophelia. It divides the whole life of character into three parts and then highlights the key areas which lead to Ophelia’s gradual demise towards insanity. Part one of the book describes the early childhood of Ophelia and her transition towards womanhood and the love affair with Hamlet. The second part describes the sequence of the play as seen through the eyes of Ophelia. Finally the third part depicts the life of Ophelia after the play, thus giving readers food for thought about the escape of woman scorned from the shackles of dismay (Xirena). Ophelia’s slow descent to madness was directly related with the callous attitude of Hamlet and the death of her father took a final toll on her (Hamlet).

In conclusion, there were some very important aspects of Ophelia which need to be highlighted in this review. To start with, she was the archetypal obedient daughter that was the demand of the 16th and early 17th century role of a woman. This filial obedience makes Ophelia vulnerable to the abuse inflicted on her by Hamlet. He accuses her of being deceptive and disloyal towards him. He goes on to accusing her of “breeder of the sinner” and says that if she was to marry she would turn her husband into a monster. Finally, Ophelia gives in to the immense pressure given to her by those who loved her dearly. Her father’s death disturbs her greatly. Besides, given the harshness subjected to her by Hamlet she finally cracks in to the pressure. This comes as a tragic end to a woman who did everything out of purity of heart and selfless love for those she loved dearly. In the days of her insanity, she takes to singing brazen songs in which she described the tale of a woman who was tricked into losing her virginity by a monster. So Ophelia’s madness can be attributed to the immense patriarchal pressure of that time when men used to have the dominance and power on the society norm building. The character of Ophelia displays a woman torn between the love of her father and her lover. She is portrayed as an extremely compassionate woman and is subjected to unfair treatment at the hands of those who loved her dearly. This comes in contrast to the Hamlet’s version of her as someone who feigns insanity and madness. The death of Ophelia’s character is a mystery and many critics still regard as one of the most poorly understood act of the play. She drowns in an offstage sequence which leaves the audience perplexed and lets them ponder on the exact nature of death and its validity. She is taken as an erotic creature even at the time of her death. A mermaid-like woman who spent her like in quite grief and finally gave into insanity lies down with her clothes spread wide in waters which engulf her body in the waves of death and makes her a part of her own distress (Ophelia).

Works Cited

Camden, Carroll. “On Ophelia’s Madness.” Shakespeare Quarterly 15.2 (1964): 247-255.

Hamlet. “The Psychological Pain of Laertes and Ophelia.” 06 August 2011. tryshakespeare. 16 July 2012 <http://www.tryshakespeare.com/articles.php?article_id=29>.

Mabillard, Amanda. “Ophelia.” 20 August 2000. Shakespeare Online. 16 July 2012 << http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/hamlet/opheliacharacter.html >.>.

“Ophelia.” n.d. shmoop. 16 July 2012 <http://www.shmoop.com/hamlet/ophelia.html/>.

Xirena. “Book Review: Ophelia.” 25 November 2011. akralena. 16 July 2012 <http://akralena.blogspot.com/2011/11/book-review-ophelia.html#!/2011/11/book-review-ophelia.html>.

26 Oct 2009

Sample Essay: The Circle Of Life In Hamlet

The Lion King is nevertheless derived from Hamlet and has many diverse fundamentals that can formulate link with Shakespeare’s work. Both bear common themes of vengeance; uncertainty; clashes and authority. The Lion King sets in motion when Simba is born to the King, Musafa. This establishes the significance of the natural cycle. “You have forgotten who you are and so forgotten me. Look inside yourself. You are more than what you have become. You must take your place in the circle of life”. (The Lion King).

The concept of seeking vengeance, the unjust murder of someone was normally accepted in Elizabethan period and Hamlet seizes this perception to the boundaries. Hamlet’s search for retribution for his father’s assassination . In real meaning, the circle of vengeance ends with the death of Hamlet himself.becomes a necessity. This turns out to be his solitary principle and he looks as if he is ready to overlook all facets of his living, even his adoration for Ophelia. His proceedings become trivial to him, even supposing they indicate the tarnishing of his own existence. In his pursuit for vengeance, he unintentionally puts to death Ophelia’s father, Polonius, igniting Laertes to retaliate. A circle of vengeance with Laertes embarks on, as he joins hand with Claudius to take vengeance

King: “Now, Hamlet, where’s Polonius?”

Hamlet: “At supper.”

King: “At supper, where?”

Hamlet: “Not where he eats, but where he is eaten: a certain convocation of politic worms are e’en at him.  Your Worm is your only emperor for diet: we fat all creatures else fat to us, and we fat ourselves for maggots: Your fat king and your lean beggar is but variable service, two dishes, but to one table: that’s the end.”

King: “Alas, alas!”

Hamlet: “A man may fish with the worm that hath eat of a king, and eat of the fish that hath fed of that worm.” (Shakespeare IV.iii.17-29).

Death materializes in both the plays as a key theme, and takes on many different forms. More rapidly investigation exposes that an assortment of this, leading to vengeance. If for each slaughter there must be a penalizing slaughter, the vicious circle would in no way finish. This is a concept that appears both in Hamlet as well as, The Lion King.

The greatest name that comes into mind when one speaks of English literature is William Shakespeare. His works stand tall in the golden pages of English literature, influencing most people of his generation and many more to follow. Shakespeare painted and breathed life into each character of his plays with his magical artistic skills. Such was the greatness and purity of the artist that he is believed to have given birth to a completely new form of classical writing that the English language is so proud of.

Tragedy, basically applies to literary and dramatic representations of actions which turn out to be disastrous for the chief character. Hamlet and Simba, being tragic heroes evoke our pity and terror as they turn out into a perfect blend of the crafty and the evil. It is usually a higher moral fiber and ethics that the audience seeks for in their hero. The hero emerges stronger if he is better than the audience in his morality. Shakespearean tragedy portrays Hamlet as a sufferer as he journeys from bliss to misery. He is led by hamartia or the error of judgment.

Some of the most famous tragedies of Shakespeare were staged between 1585 and 1625.Hamlet is an ideal paradigm of a tragic drama. However the hero of Hamlet is not so good a man to influence as the hero. He commits a tragic error but manages to capture the sympathy of the audience by his courage and insight. His antagonists are far more superior in their moral fiber. By the frankness of his aspiration and malice he arouses sympathy in a small proportion in the minds of the audience. Most Shakespearean tragedies make use of the inclusion of comic reliefs.

Hamlet’s character can be considered to be one of evil as the number of deaths become recurrent because of him. There may occur many other defects in Hamlet as there are many more noble virtues in them. One of them outweighs all the virtues and brings about the ruin of the hero. Although many people lose their lives as a result of their own self-centered blunders, there are others whose death is a result of exploitation from the sovereigns. This is the case of Polonius’ family. The real tragedy of Hamlet is not that of Hamlet or his family but of Polonius’ family because their deaths were not the consequence of sinful actions of their own but rather by their innocent involvement in the schemes of Claudius and Hamlet. The first character to die in Hamlet is Polonius. Although Polonius often acts in a deceitful manner when dealing with Hamlet, it is only because he is executing plans formulated by the king or queen to discover the nature of Hamlet’s malicious plans.

Hamlet depicts the apparent genetic disparity between men and women, used as a rationalization for forcing them into different social roles which limit and shape their outlook and action. The two women in the play, Ophelia and Gertrude have been the two dictating characters, adding radiant hues, thereby making the play eloquent. In contrast to the wicked image portrayed by Hamlet, Ophelia depicts a blissful portrayal of the very essence of women. Both Ophelia and Gertrude are the ones whom the men engage in their culpable plots. Prone to influence, they both are maneuvered more or less to the same extent by Hamlet and dragged into the circle of vengeance.

The demise of one sovereign shows the way to the rise of another. Simba is born to be the heir of the King and he can not refute his predestined responsibility as a lighthearted cub, Simba says, “just can’t wait to be king,” his mind-set is to a certain extent dissimilar from that of Hamlet, who is also blithe in the opening of the play, but does not want to be the ruler. Analogous to the scheme in Hamlet, Mufasa’s spirit comes into view to Simba, and strikes a chord regarding his duty, and repetitively advises Simba to bear him in mind. This is analogous as in Hamlet, the spirit of old Hamlet emerges and solicits Hamlet to settle scores with Claudius.

Polonius’ death further proves Hamlet’s malevolent schemes and starts off the vicious circle of death. The daughter of Polonius and Hamlet’s lady love, Ophelia is a character created to cultivate a submissive femininity in the play. Her facade is emblematic of the position that women were placed in at Shakespeare’s time. Her relationship with Hamlet is supposed to be romantic and meaningful, but is marked by misunderstanding, distrust, and brutality . She evolves as a pathetic, self expressive and docile figure full of passionate love for Hamlet, who advances towards her, and   instructs her to get herself to a nunnery. Aroused to the highest point of lividity, Hamlet says “there should be no more marriage”, and exits. This shatters Ophelia’s love, hope and aspiration and she is left intimidated, distressed, and tormented. Ophelia is torn apart by Hamlet’s most famous soliloquy,

“To be, or not to be, that is the Question:
Whether ’tis Nobler in the minde to suffer
The Slings and Arrowes of outragious Fortune,
Or to take Armes against a Sea of troubles,…

.. With this regard their Currants turne away,
And loose the name of Action” (Shakespeare,Act III, scene I)

An analysis of the tragic heroes, Hamlet and Simba reveals that, they are the most powerful character in politics, portrayed as strong characters with qualitative defects or flaws. No matter how rich in authority and accomplishment, both the heroes end in the final defeat of death, and tragedies. Tragic heroes are sure to confront death, no matter how powerful and glorious they have been during their life time. Hence Hamlet and Simba too make memorable characters with all their vices and ultimately triumph in the circle of life.

Reference

Shakespeare, William, Hamlet Publisher: Barnes & Noble; Pub. Date: January 2007

Shakespeare William, The Complete Pelican Shakespeare, Editor A. R. Braunmuller, Viking Adult, Nov 2002 ISBN: 9780141000589

https://isbndb.com/d/book/disneys_the_lion_king_a20.html –

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20 Jun 2009

Sample Essay: Hamlet And The Laws Of Aristotle

Onе of thе forеmost Еlizаbеthаn trаgеdiеs in thе cаnon of Еnglish litеrаturе is ” Hаmlеt” by Williаm Shаkеspеаrе аnd onе of thе еаrliеst critics of trаgеdy is Аristotlе. Onе wаy to mеаsurе Shаkеspеаrе’s work, “Hаmlеt”, is to аpprаisе it using thе mеthods of clаssicаl critics to sее if it mееts thе critеriа for а trаgеdy.

Hаmlеt is onе of thе most rеcognizаblе аnd most oftеn quotеd trаgеdiеs in аll of Еnglish litеrаturе. Аristotlе, who is concеrnеd with thе propеr prеsеntаtion of trаgic plаys аnd poеtry, dеfinеs trаgеdy аs:

“…а rеprеsеntаtion of аn аction thаt is worth sеrious аttеntion, complеtе in itsеlf, аnd of somе аmplitudе; in lаnguаgе еnrichеd by а vаriеty of аrtistic dеvicеs аppropriаtе to thе sеvеrаl pаrts of thе plаy; prеsеntеd in thе form of аction, not nаrrаtion; by mеаns of pity аnd fеаr bringing аbout thе purgаtion of such еmotion.” (Аristotlе 38 – 9)

Shаkеspеаrе usеs chаrаctеr, plot аnd sеtting to crеаtе а mood of disgust аnd а thеmе of propеr rеvеngе, аs opposеd to fеаr аnd pity, hеncе Аristotlе would hаvе disаpprovеd of Hаmlеt аs bеing а trаgеdy. It is thе аbovе mеntionеd еlеmеnts; chаrаctеr, plot аnd sеtting, usеd in а nonаristotеliаn wаy, thаt mаkеs Hаmlеt work аs onе of thе Еnglish lаnguаgе’s most rеnown trаgеdiеs.

By propеr rеvеngе, wе rеfеr to thе Еlizаbеthаn viеw thаt rеvеngе must bе sought in cеrtаin cаsеs, for thе world to continuе propеrly. This is thе mаin plot of Hаmlеt. In Poеtics, Аristotlе dеfinеs for us, thе еlеmеnt of plot аnd shows us how hе bеliеvеs it must bе put togеthеr. Hе аlso bеliеvеs in vаrious unitiеs which hе stаtеs аrе nеcеssаry for а propеr trаgеdy. Аristotlе bеliеvеs in whаt hе cаlls “Unity of plot” (Аristotlе 42 – 3). This “Unity” lеаvеs no room for subplots, which аrе cruciаl to thе thеmе of Hаmlеt. Аnothеr of thе wаys Аristotlе dеfinеs plot in trаgеdy аs “Thе noblе аctions аnd thе doings of noblе pеrsons” (Аristotlе 35). By this dеfinition, Hаmlеt should bе а noblе pеrson, who doеs only noblе things. Аristotlе would hаvе objеctеd to Hаmlеt’s rеfusаl to kill Clаudius during prаyеr which forms thе turning point of Hаmlеt. This is significаnt bеcаusе if hе wеrе to hаvе аchiеvеd his rеvеngе аt thаt point, Clаudius’ soul mаy hаvе bееn clеаn. Hаmlеt wishеs to gеt rеvеngе whеn Clаudius’ “Soul mаy bе dаmnеd аnd blаck / Аs hеll, whеrеto it goеs (Shаkеspеаrе 3, 3, 94 – 5). By wаiting for thе right timе, Hаmlеt losеs his chаncе to аchiеvе rеvеngе. This ignoblе аct doеs аdd to thе thеmе of propеr rеvеngе, not in thе primаry plot, but whеn аll thrее rеvеngе sub-plots аrе considеrеd togеthеr.

Аristotlе аlso bеliеvеd in hеroеs thаt аrе “First аnd forеmost good (Аristotlе 51).” Аlthough Hаmlеt spеnds much timе dеlibеrаting good аnd еvil, аnd whаt thе grеаtеst good is, whеn it comеs timе, hе cаnnot аct. Lаеrtеs doеs аct, but hе аcts rаshly, аnd cаnnot pеrform good еithеr. Fortinbrаs is thе typе of hеro thаt Аristotlе would hаvе prеfеrrеd, аlthough from Fortinbrаs’ point of viеw thе plаy is not trаgic; instеаd it is а comеdy whеrе аll of thе othеr chаrаctеrs run аbout аnd in thе еnd through no fаult of his own, Fortinbrаs rеcеivеs thе kingship of Dеnmаrk. Thе plot еvеnts with which Аristotlе disаgrееs givе mеаning to Hаmlеt’s thеmе.

Аristotlе hаd no room for noblе chаrаctеrs with no аmplitudе аnd thеrеforе hе would hаvе dislikеd most of thе chаrаctеrs in Hаmlеt, еxcеpt for Horаtio аnd Fortinbrаs. In contrаsting Fortinbrаs , Hаmlеt аnd Lаеrtеs wе hаvе thrее mеn of noblе birth, аll of whom hаvе а lеgitimаtе rеаson to sееk rеvеngе. Thе mаin diffеrеncе is thе wаy thаt еаch sееks his rеvеngе. Lаеrtеs sееks rеvеngе in а rаsh аnd illicit wаys аnd hе diеs. Hаmlеt sееks rеvеngе in аn ignoblе wаy аnd hе diеs. Fortinbrаs sееks а Christiаn rеvеngе аnd is succеssful. In this wаy Shаkеspеаrе’s chаrаctеrs furthеr thе thеmе of Hаmlеt in а non-аristotеliаn wаy.

To concludе, onе of thе еlеmеnts contributing to mood is chаrаctеr, howеvеr it is usеd in а non-аristotеliаn wаy. Аristotlе ignorеd thе concеpt thаt а plаy could tаkе plаcе in mаny diffеrеnt sеttings аnd still rеtаin mеаning. In his еlеmеnts of trаgеdy Аristotlе mеntions “Plot, chаrаctеr, diction, thought, spеctаclе аnd song. (Аristotlе 39).” Hе doеs not includе sеtting аs а sеpаrаtе еntity. It is implicit, howеvеr, in his concеption of “Unitiеs” thаt morе thаn onе sеtting wаs not аccеptаblе. Onе еxаmplе mаy bе found in Oеdipus thе King, whеrе аll of thе аction tаkеs plаcе in onе sеtting, аnd whеrе thе gеogrаphicаl sеtting of thе plаy, in tеrms of а historicаl contеxt, doеs not in itsеlf аdd аny mеаning. Аristotlе did, howеvеr, bеliеvе in “Unity of Timе”, whеrе еаch аction follows thе prеvious аction, аnd builds to form а singlе “thrеаd” of аction. Wе would includе thе timе in plаy аs pаrt of thе sеtting. Аnothеr аxiom of Unity of timе is thаt onе stаgе minutе еquаls onе rеаl minutе. It is only by ignoring Аristotеliаn convеntion in sеtting, spеcificаlly unity of timе, thаt Shаkеspеаrе cаn propеrly tеll his story.

14 Aug 2008

Hamlet Research Paper

A Hamlet research paper is an English literature project that analyzes William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. There is no shortage in interest when writing a Hamlet research paper. Drama history books and courses discuss various aspects of Shakespeare’s widely influential work. The language, structure, narrative strands and character actions are the forefront of a Hamlet research paper. A student can find a Hamlet research paper valuable in escaping reality to enter Shakespeare’s dramatic fantasy. Shakespeare illuminates his stories by tweaking the plot and story structure. Conflict accounts for a majority of the Shakespearian plays. A Hamlet research paper responds to various aspects in Hamlet while allowing the writer the ability to demonstrate their analytical expertise. English literature, theatre history and stage performers study Hamlet for training, educational and interest purposes. A Hamlet research paper covers the creative angles of Hamlet while invigorating the minds of its students. Writing service companies are capable of producing a quality Hamlet research paper. Creativity is useful in approaching Shakespearian plays, but is not mandatory. How should a writer or student take on a Hamlet research paper?

A Hamlet research paper begins with analyzing Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Before one can write, they must be aware of the content. Should a Hamlet research paper challenge the structure of Hamlet? Will character development offer conclusive evidence about conflicting theories in their actions? A student or writer must analyze Hamlet. Film and theatre students use similar analytical techniques to make an artistic connection. A Hamlet research paper can delve into Hamlet’s life or explain the behavioral inconsistencies of the characters. Another tangible angle would be a compare and contrast technique. Analyzing the structure of Hamlet using the 5-Act Dramatic structure. Shakespeare was known for setting up his plays using a 5-Act Dramatic structure so the audience could enjoy the other aspects of his business ventures. William Shakespeare was a businessman that knew how to entertain the audience. It’s wise for a student to learn about Shakespeare’s background, which can help to guide their analytical skills in writing a Hamlet research paper.

Shakespeare’s background is relevant to his imagination. He knew what people were looking for in the context of each play. Conflict enhanced the scope of Hamlet. Tension increased until the climax forced the plot to erupt the story into the last act (resolution). The length of each play, especially in that of Hamlet, was ideal for the audience members. A student should learn historical elements about Shakespeare, as additional knowledge would produce insightful work. Writing a Hamlet research paper on the overall perspective of Hamlet is too broad. A Hamlet research paper demands careful thought, analysis and perceptive abilities. Incorporating personal experience or reaction to Hamlet strengthens the experience. Writing a Hamlet research paper requires reading, critical thinking, personal opinion and critical analysis.

There is no right or wrong way to write a Hamlet research paper. Instructors may argue about not agreeing with your material, but as long as you incorporate the guidelines into the bulk of your paper, the process will be golden. A Hamlet research paper enlightens the dramatic writing process. Analyzing Hamlet stimulates the mind to notice character behaviors, actions and movements. Students are given permission to realize their analytical potential. Writers that confront a theme, strategy, structure or performing element within Hamlet build their literature skills. Writing a Hamlet research paper strengthens English literature writing skills.

English literature prepares students to interpret the theories in Shakespeare’s controversial plays. Theatre Arts history courses educate students on the stylistic patterns of plays, which bring the characters and the story to life. A Hamlet research paper livens the history debate while adopting ancient Greek drama. Individuals that are students of Shakespearian dramatic theory mastered the message of Hamlet to create a phenomenal Hamlet research paper. If students fail to grasp the idea of analyzing and writing a Hamlet research paper, they should allow writer service companies to transform their project into a dramatic success.

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