26 Jan 2011

Essays on All the King's Men

All the King’s Men is a story regarding political Stark in the South during the 1930’s.  Willie Stark, rises from being a poor man to being the governor of his home state.  After becoming governor, he then becomes his state’s most powerful political figure.  His enemies do not become compliant to him out of respect but because he bullies them into submission.  He begins to help the poor by implementing a series of taxes that strain the rich but help the lower class.  The story is not only about Willie Stark but also about Jack Burden who becomes Stark’s right hand man.  Burden was raised into an aristocratic dynasty but turns his back on it in order to help Stark.  Stark forces Burden to go against his beliefs in consequence, responsibility and motivation.  Stark asks Burden to look for secrets regarding a Judge in the state by the name of Judge Irwin who was a father figure from Burden’s childhood.

All the King’s Men is primarily about the political and moral corruption of a Deep South state, set in the environment of the great depression era.  Willie Stark, the state’s governor, rises from poverty to become the state’s governor.  His corruption shows when, though using his power to help the poor, he begins abusing his authority and ends up hurting people.  The fundamental flaw of Stark’s moral philosophy is his belief that everyone and everything is bad, except himself.  In his mind, Willie sees nothing amiss about having numerous affairs with other woman while being married to Lucy Stark who is constantly disappointed in Willie’s lack of moral fortitude.  His corruption is further revealed when he orders Jack Burden, Willie’s right hand man (and primary narrator of the story), to dig up damaging secrets on Judge Montague Irwin, the former State Attorney General, due to his support of one of Stark’s critics.  Although Burden is very intelligent, he also has a curious lack of ambition that Willie uses to his advantage.

Author Robert Penn Warren began work on All the King’s Men during his residency in Italy, forming it originally as a verse (or poetic) drama under the name Proud Flesh.  Coming to the realization that the material did not lend itself well to such form, Warren changed course and used the concept to develop the novel now seen as a political drama classic of American literature.  Essay opportunities abound, ranging from exploration of the political tendency towards corruption to the manner in which women in political circles even today are seen as objects of sexuality, often becoming victims of exploitation by rich and/or powerful figures.

The book’s rich moral and political themes can also represent significant challenges for students as they prepare essays and term papers.  Experienced, dynamic writers such as ours find them enjoyable and, with their level of experience, can deliver quality essays and term papers to fit almost every need imaginable.  All we need is your order.

23 Jun 2010

Sample Essay: Role of Africa on Trade and Economic Development in The World

Every nation in the world has massive requirements of oil and as the Middle East continues to show signs of instability, the world is now looking towards Africa to satiate its need for the non-renewable source of energy. In his book Untapped: The Scramble for Africa’s Oil, John Ghazvinian has described his exciting and occasionally dangerous twelve country African journey in exploring the unwanted impacts of the oil boom in the continent. In keeping with the strategy adopted by contemporary books that deal with oil in Africa, Ghazvinian has revealed how the continent is now viewed as the last major area in the world that still has oil reserves that remain untouched. Africa has thus attracted a great deal of attention from politicians and multinational companies. The book entails considerable understanding about international politics in the context of oil. In view of the continent’s colonial history that resulted in weak and questionable democracies, the oil business has aggravated economic and internal complexities in many of the continent’s oil rich nations. The author explains why oil is seen as a curse and has analyzed why economist Hossein Mahdavy has described oil nations in Africa as rentier states.

The author has expressed genuine concerns about the practices adopted by industrialized nations in escalating the oil crisis. He cites that the USA is now importing most of its oil requirements. He narrates that people are not farsighted and do not realize that if American citizens made some minor adjustments, the US could become a net exporter of oil. Rather, people in the country travel unnecessarily and make use of huge cars that are gas guzzlers. Such consumption patterns enhance the global demand for oil, which is now increasing at a much faster rate as India and China give a boost to their respective economies. Lesser numbers of people understand that the cost of extracting oil is much more than the cost incurred on equipment and salaries in oil companies.

Ghazvinian has narrated how the ill fated impacts of oil result in immense dependency on oil exports that further lead to the collapse of the conventional national markets. Such patterns further result in shortage of jobs in addition to the creation of a weak tax base, corruption in politics and fewer incentives to develop infrastructure. In having written in an eloquent and engaging form of narration, the author takes the reader through countries such as Nigeria, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Sudan, Gabon, Angola and some other African countries to elucidate the manner in which the oil business works and how it effects people. He has dumped the academic style of writing in favour of the easier to understand language and sometimes appears to sound like a well informed passionate tourist while giving his first hand accounts. Such passion is evident when he writes about Gabon, “During a week and a half in Gabon, I feasted on beef bourguignon and rack of lamb, but never did I manage to find a bunch of bananas for sale” (Ghazvinian, 2007, p.131), which is a state that used to export large quantities of bananas and is now importing most of its food.

Ghazvinian explains that it is a usual misconception that countries with huge oil reserves will have immense wealth and asserts that oil can often impoverish a country. In clarifying why this is so, he has provided details of how several countries faced devastating consequences because of the damaging impacts of mismanagement after the discovery of oil. Unfortunately, he says, the same is true for almost all countries on the western coast of Africa. His main theme is that oil or other mineral assets have a destructive effect on countries, however counterintuitive they may appear to be. He has investigated and found that with the discovery of oil, the nation’s currency value is enhanced, which places agriculturists and industries out of business, thus resulting in the paradox of an oil rich nation such as Gabon being made to import tropical fruits. Under such circumstances the government becomes less receptive to the needs of the citizens because revenues are generated by oil companies, instead of the general public. Resultantly, the standard of living of the average citizen begins to decline, which further paves the way for corrupt practices and civil wars. The worst situation arises when the state collapses into chaos, a prime example being that of Nigeria.

The author is sure that the main reasons for the harms of Nigeria’s corrupt politics, Angola’s blood splattered civil wars; Equatorial Guinea’s inadequacy in governance and the non existent infrastructure in Chad are the result of scratchy and bumpy relations between Africa, the West and large multinational corporations. Ghaznivinian has revealed how the moral responsibilities towards African nations are greatly compromised while considering issues and arrangements for drilling oil. An ideal example in this regard is the worsening position of the Delta region in Nigeria, which has the country’s main oil reserves. The author’s personal experiences in observing distressed and militant villagers against the backdrop of a strongly secured and luxurious complex for expatriate oil personnel is clearly indicative of the stark realities of the price of oil.

Ghazviniam has described the blunders committed by America in Africa, which also includes its role in lengthening the civil war in Angola and supporting the oppressive government in Equatorial Guinea. According to the author, such circumstances led to China’s rise to power. In fact, he has used the last chapter in depicting the quick fix Chinese policies in Africa in terms of giving aid and in turn assuming lucrative drilling rights. This is how the author has revealed the future of oil in the continent. Presently the main players are the USA and Europe while China and India play a minor role or are not much concerned about Africa’s problems. However a noteworthy observation in this regard is the fact that although the emirates in the Gulf region are not democratic nations, their wealth has percolated down in benefiting the common citizens.

The fact that no clear solutions are provided by Ghazvinian is commendable because he has not pretended to be an expert on the issue. He has simply described what he saw and has dug the pit deeper in making the reader aware of the background in grasping the core issues related to the problem. It is clear that most of the oil economies in Africa have serious challenges to face, especially in the context of some countries that have always been facing difficult situations. For instance, Equatorial Guinea was characterized with corruption and poor governance even before the discovery of oil in the country. Ghazvinian’s short visit to Gabon did not delve into the fact that the nation is privileged with having the maximum preserved forests amongst all African nations, which resulted after the oil discovery reduced the need to harvest timber on a large scale. However, the oil industry in Africa is certainly to be held responsible for the follies committed in the past but there is need to consider developmental activities for communities from a different perspective by approaching the issue with care and caution. From such a perspective the author has not done full justice to the crucial issue of citizen welfare.

Works Cited

Ghazvinian John, Untapped: The Scramble for Africa’s Oil, 2007, Harcourt.

17 Oct 2009

Sample Essay: An analysis of President Barack Obama's Poverty and Welfare Policies

Barack Obama passed tax cuts for workers and health care for kids. Obama end all the tax breaks implemented to companies that are engage in export jobs and he will reward those companies that will offer jobs in America. Obama claimed that he is willing to lower down the taxes of 95 percent of the workers considering that 40 percent of the workers don’t even pay taxes. His policy is directed towards reintroducing massive increase in welfare state that will cost about $30 billion per year.  Obama plans to increase the number of tax filers who will going to receive a check from government without paying any taxes and they will receive a welfare check amounting to $10 million. However, the plans of Obama is frustrating because many low income households would have higher effective marginal rates and it only shows that as the household will face new tax burdens as they increase their earnings. The plans of Obama would probably hit those under 200% of the poverty line and could only extend the poverty trap. Obama will increase tax credits for the poor rather than reducing the taxes for everyone and this action might result to increase in household marginal rates. He passed law to move people from welfare to work as he slashed the rolls by 80 percent. Obama adapts the federal welfare reform law and he make sure to give a child care subsidy. Barack Obama proposed immediate actions towards the economic status of America as he gave emphasis on the imposition of tax on excessive profits of oil companies (Obama makes Economic Priority, 2008). The tax proceeds will be given to American families as an emergency energy rebate. Obama works on relief budget to prevent million of Americans from losing their jobs and to prevent state and local cuts in health, housing, and education. The relief will be used as growth fund to prevent cutbacks in jobs, road and bridge maintenance. Tax relief will be provided for the Middle Class Americans that will be used in restoration of tax code (Obama Economy, 2008). He introduced “Making Work Pay” policy wherein tax credits will eliminate income tax to millions of Americans. Basic procedures will be given ample attention such as in simplifying the tax filing procedures for the middle class Americans. Obama is looking forward to the benefits of strengthening the trade with foreign nations that could directly create jobs for the Americans. He will fight for the trade policies including the opening of foreign markets and planning to utilize trade agreements like the Central American Free Trade Agreement that will stop countries from unfair government subsidies to non tariff barriers on US exports. Obama ensured that IRS information will be made available from banks and the tax payers could have the option to verify, sign and return their pre-filled tax forms.

Impact of Policies to State Poverty

The policies proposed by Obama aim to strengthen the metropolitan areas and across federal government. He introduced important programs that will provide jobs and housing for low and moderate income people. Obama’s policies support entrepreneurship and job growth and it aims to modernize the manufacturing centers. Obama strengthens the transportation systems and enhances federal transportation investments. Families can have reasonable access to their places of employment and the policies are design to create new jobs in undeserved economic to give chance to low income urban residents find employment within their home communities. Experts believed that by simplifying the tax procedures could save billion of dollars.

There will be transition assistance to workers that will help them to adapt the rapid changing economy. Obama will give rewards to companies that could create good jobs and good benefits to American workers. He will not allow companies to get tax deductions by moving their operations overseas and ensure public contracts to companies that are committed to American workers (Obama Calls for Swift Action, 2008).

Strengths and Weaknesses of Poverty and Welfare Policy

Barack Obama strongly believes that in order to strengthen the weak states at the so-called risk of collapse, the health crises in public as well as the economic meltdown should be strengthen. Obama stated that the US spending should be doubled in terms of the foreign aid for about fifty billion dollars per year by year 2012. Included in his reforms is helping the countries classified as developing to sustain democracies including the demand with much return in accountability. In addition, the establishment of two billion dollars fund in Global Education will help in eliminating the deficit of global education wherein Obama included in his plan as well as reducing the debt of nations considerably developing while there is better coordination in terms of policies in the development and trade. Strength is the reestablishment of Obama with the leadership of US moral by way of respect in civil liberties, torture as ending while restoring the habeas corpus. Furthermore, Obama will make the electoral process in the US as transparent, fair and at the same time fighting home corruption.

As seen by those people who are not favoring the Presidency of Obama is his trustworthiness, experience including the family connections and likeability. Obama may not practice fairness in terms of giving help in prioritizing the people who experienced poverty because of race which is long issue in the United States.

Education and Health Care

Obama is setting up the program of government insurance in health care for the purpose of competing with the private companies which exist wherein he puts mandates on these private companies as slowly but there should be effective force that they are out of business. On the aspect of education, Obama has severe case of the so-called Big-Government wherein his principle in education is more on the responsibility in the state and local areas. Obama included in his reforms that the national programs is considerably a neighbor of overenthusiastic but the cost is staggering. Obama is promising learning, support as well as the care to families from birth of children up to five years old. In addition, the recruitment of well-qualified teachers for America’s all classrooms should also be made. There should also be heading off dropouts by means of investment in the proven strategies of intervention that will be done on the middle grader and during summer learning as well as the opportunities in after School.

Opinion

Obama’s policy is an effective way in improving the state of poverty in the United States because of his good plans that are reachable and effective. These are doubling the US Spending while doubling the foreign aid for fifty billion dollars every year, the setting up of insurance in health care that will absolutely compete with the private companies and the improvement in education of American state. The federal program of Obama supports innovation clusters that will enhance long term regional growth. The policies of Obama make long term investments in education, training and workforce development, healthcare that can leverage the strengths of Americans. Businesses will be given the opportunity to invest in innovation and create high paying and secure jobs.

Reference

Rowland, Michael. “Obama makes Economic Priority”. From the Internet Explorer Website, 20 November 2008. < http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2008/s2414137.htm >

Bazinet, Kenneth. “Obama Calls for Swift Actions”. From the Internet Explorer Website, 20

November 2008. < http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/2008/11/07/2008-11-  07_barack_obama_calls_for_swift_action_on_e.html >

Tankersley, Jim. “United States of Anxiety”. From the Internet Explorer Website, 20

November 2008. < http://www.swamppolitics.com/news/politics/blog/2008/09/mccain_obama_anxiety.html >

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