11 Dec 2011

Essay Topic: Coverage for Obesity

Exploring Better Ways on How to Respond to Problems of Obesity in the Modern Society


Obesity is the state of a person being overweight with excess body fat. This medical condition among many individuals has specifically caused several problems to many individuals especially living in the urban areas. Most often than not, these problems included lower life expectancy, diabetes, heart ailments and other medication conditions that alarmed the attention of medical experts who are trying to find out more about obesity, its causes, its effects and possible ways of treating it (Dollman, et al, 2005, 892). While some other types of obesity are caused by genetic and endocrine disorders, majority of the type of obesity that is rampantly growing in the society today is that of the common aspect of being caused by excessive energy-rich food intake and lack of physical activity.

With modern technology most often than not giving the best path of living to modern individuals, there is a less requirement for one to move. Take for example the existence of television. An average person living in the urban areas has been observed to have been spending at least six to eight hours each day (Schmidt, et al, 2007, 487). This could either be a continuous practice or a staggered one; nevertheless, eight hours of sitting in a couch is still eight hours. That precious accumulation of time that has not been used in any particular physical activity has already slowed-down the body’s utilization of energy. Another report notes that many among those who follow such practice even embrace another practice that is also considered unhealthy and that is eating junk foods while watching television for hours. Up to at least 45% of the current rates pertaining to individuals suffering from obesity has been noted to follow the said lifestyle (Dollman, et al, 2005, 896); assuming like as if television and junk food are tandems that cannot be separated.

Other causes of obesity, as supported through academic surveys include that of the occurrence of too much leisure among human individuals living in the urban areas. The fact that transportation has provided a lot easier process of travelling to most people; it has also become a matter of concern for those who are obese and are currently facing the need to adjust their lifestyle, but cannot do so because of the fact that there are “better options” to living in a modern place like the city. All the activities mentioned herein are noted to have a specific impact on people developing cases of being obese. This is the reason why in the discussion that follows, exploring possibilities on how to manage obesity through the new found procedures of medication in par with that of the implicative relation of the matter on the need to follow the basic ways of living shall be better defined herein.

Different Ways of Dealing with Obesity

There are two primary ways of dealing with obesity. One is that of the modern process while the other entails for a more traditional approach. The first approach is dependent on the new innovative ways of finding out how obesity occurs and pairing it up with the most considerable procedures of dealing with the matter through in-house exercise and medication. Most often than not, the cases that are submitted for this course of development and improvement entails for the close monitoring of a mentor who is expected to serve as a motivational manager to the patient or client being served. Some approaches even include therapeutic approaches that are sure to give attention to the specific health needs and status of the patients. Most often than not, these therapies last for weeks to a month or so with an indicative recording process that entails for the progress report of the patient in a then-to-now comparison process. Medication usually is included in the therapies especially concerning special medical conditions of the patients being dealt with.

The other procedure that is currently given attention to is the traditional way of dealing with obesity. Usually termed as “going to the basics”, clients or patients are asked to undergo a self-check procedure which would entail on their willingness to change their lifestyle. The changes that they are to make need not be based upon the new ways of beating up themselves to lose weight. Instead, it shall involve a relative condition on adjusting their regular ways of living. This could involve their daily activities such as going to work, school or simply involving an adjustment on their regular recreational activities as well as an adjustment on their most comprehensive points interests, specifically involving their food choices. Patients who are to be involved in this course of development are to be assessed with regards their psychological conditions as well. As for example, if a person who is obese is specifically experiencing depression, then dealing with the depression is an important part of the treatment and lifestyle adjustment that the client should be addressed with. The basic beauty of the traditional approach to treating obesity is the fact that it does not need to enforce pressure on the client being helped. Instead, it simply motivates one to follow the basic pattern of living without the need to incur specific programs that are dedicated towards a fully recorded progress report (Schmidt, et al, 2007, 489). In this regard, it is very important that the individual has his own attention focused on the matter hence living him with a good essence of solving the actual problems he is dealing with. This approach shall provide the client a self-imposed achievement that does not only deal with actual problem of obesity but also that of the course from which the occurrence of depression is resolved (Dollman, et al, 2005, 892).


Most often than not, experts on health and psychological issues confer to the need of differing both the medical and the traditional way of dealing with obesity. Notably, it could be observed that somehow, those who believe in the medical approach of developing the progressive state of the obese patients entail for the intensive need of enforcing or at least empowering the patients to become involved in the process hence being convinced that they need to undergo the therapy if they want develop into a healthier state of living. Notably though, it could be analyzed that not all pressure-stressed operations on dealing with obesity end up successful. On the other end, the traditional approach entails for the utilization of the actual being of the patient being treated and has a relative indication on how well they are able to adjust their lifestyle without being forced. This way, they are expected to intend to follow a process that would specifically fit their condition and their desires of getting better.

True, the traditional ways specifically empowers the patients in defining their own course of development. It shall also provide them a more considerable understanding on how they are supposed to take matters seriously especially on the part of personally realizing their need to readjust their lifestyle. Understandably, the traditional way of dealing with obesity considers that every person is unique, and that every case of obesity is also unique. Given this, it is expected that every person who is suffering from obesity deserves to be treated according to his own case. The traditional approach to adjusting one’s lifestyle towards the healthful course then entails the creation of a more refined therapy that would deal with both the medical and the psychological issues that are being dealt with by obese individuals. Considering the comparative level of the process of applying the traditional approach in comparison with the medical procedures of health development, it is shown in this discussion that dealing with obesity is assumed to have a great dependence on the actual situation of the patient or client being helped.


Dollman J, Norton K, Norton L (December 2005). “Evidence for secular trends in children’s physical activity behaviour”. Br J Sports Med 39 (12): 892–7.

Schmidt DS, Salahudeen AK (2007). “Obesity-survival paradox-still a controversy?”. Semin Dial 20 (6): 486–92.

World Health Organization. Obesity and Overweight. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/. (December 5, 2011).

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09 Nov 2011

Sample Essay: Genetic Disease: Elephantiasis

Elephantiasis is noted to have been researched to come from particular condition caused by parasitic worms. Often following the infection comes the thickening of the skin and the tissues found usually in the legs and private genitals. The inflammation of the body parts are considered to be caused by extensive infection that continues to affect the areas that have already been under attack by the parasitic worms. The parasitic worms usually come from being bitten by an infected mosquito. Most often than not, the parasites include round worms and nematodes. These worms often inhabit the lymphatic vessels that makes it impossible for the inability of the said body part to function well which makes it impossible to drain the extremities that have been affected by the infection. There are two particular types of elephantiasis:

(a) Lymphatic filariasis [which is characterized by the infection of the lymphatic area] and

(b) nonfilariar elephantiasis [which is noted to be common among members of the African society due to their regular contact with the volcano ash. As of now, the main target of this ailment is the African society and the Southeast Asian residents. These particular facts impose on the idea that both the genetic sources of the ailment and the incurring course of effect that the red soil has on African individuals who are in direct contact of the said substance.


Most often than not, elephantiasis affects the lower extremities of the body, other infections occur in the upper extremities but this is less likely to happen. It usually depends on what particular worm entered the body. The symptoms often start with skin rashes and abdominal pain due to the occurrence of worms deeply dwelling within the tissues. Usually, enlargement of the genital areas specifically mark the onset of elephantiasis. The occurrence of fever and chills and the mere feeling of being unwell due to the inner inflammation of the parts of the body that are infected. (Price, 1974)


The inflammation is adapted to have been explained by the occurrence of the infection and the actual fight that the immune system is putting up against the infection. However, due to the deep effect of the worm’s impact on the areas affected, the inflammation may affect other areas of the body therefore spreading the impact of the medical situation. The weakness of the immune system further creates a chance for the infection to move further. The death of the issues further makes it hard to work especially on the part of the function of of the lymphatic node. The blockage caused by the infection causes the release of the infectious substance to be released out of the system. With this occurrence, obstruction of the flow of blood supply also happens making the affected area slowly die of function.

On the other end, when it comes to the occurrence of the African elephantiasis, it is assumed that such matter is caused by the red soil coming from the volcano  which the African society usually gets in contact with as they walk barefoot along the said type of soil. The particles of the soil gets lodged in the lymphatic tissues therefor irritating the entire system. With this streptococcal infection could also be sourced out from.

Another cause of elephantiasis is the genetic disorder which is more known as the hereditary lymphedema. The symptoms of this particular ailment comes the same as that of the regular elephantiasis. The underdevelopment of the lymph vessels often create the blockage opening the doors to the occurrence of inflammation within the said vessels.


As of now, only the course of identifying the development of research on elephantiasis is considered to be the source of an ideal form of prevention. Increasing knowledge about this ailment hence equipping the people with the idea on when to be checked for early diagnosis is exposed as the most effective source of prevention. Other than this, no vaccinations have been developed yet which means that it is only the occurrence of careful consideration upon one’s health that could protect one from incurring the ailment.

Ones the ailment has already been developed, it is strongly advised that constant cleaning and of the area infected be imposed so as to prevent the distribution of the infection to other parts of the body. Like other ailments, it is also considered that early diagnosis of the disease could be the course taken into consideration hence lessening the health dilemma that   shall affect the individual already suffering from the ailment. Preventing the infection from spreading is the primary course of defense that doctors suggest so as not to further deepen the effect of the said ailment on the individual.

Treatments and Therapies

During the onset of the ailment, it is best that early diagnosis be served. At the first stage of the infection, antibiotics could be prescribed by the doctors. The most common form of antibiotic suggested by doctors is doxycycline. This further kills the bactria that lives within the worms which means that the treatment affects the operational function of the foreign substances from the roots of the problem. This then slows down the growth of the worms likely weakening the capability of the worms to reproduce. Another possible prescription could include albendazole which is a combination of diethylcarbamazine and ivermectin. This medication is directed towards killing the spreading young worms that are expected to be released by the old worms which are likely the ones spreading in the affected area. These medications however cannot kill the full grown worms hence making it hard for completely stopping the disease from spreading.

In more serious cases, standard therapies could include chemo therapy which are designed to attack the adult worms hence serving as a symptomatic treatment that could repair the damage that the infection has already caused in the decay of the different parts of the body. Revitalizing the immune system through killing the foreign elements in the system could further increase the capability of the body to fight the effects of the impending infection from the worms. Along with the therapy comes the implication of applying medication that supports the process.

During the current years of further researching on the development of therapies that could provide more effective support for the need of the suffering patients to recover from the matter, it has been realized that a particular consideration on massage therapy could alleviate certain developmental progression of the infection. Strengthening the muscles of the infected area apparently also improves the process of protection that the lymphatic vessels establish against the impending effects of the worms in the system (Desta, et al, 2003).

Conclusive Implications of Research

The manner by which elephantiasis develops is specifically dependent on how one considers good hygiene. Prevention as always is better than cure and the same thing applies with the case of elephantiasis. Avoiding genetically passing on the medical case starts from the need of parents to be specifically concerned about how they deal with their hygiene. No matter what sort of elephantiasis is being avoided, it is important to consider proper hygiene and if in case the ailment’s symptoms have already been identified, early diagnosis and treatment could help in reducing the course of dilemma that the ailment puts the sufferer in.


Desta K, Ashine M, Davey G (2003). “Prevalence of podoconiosis (endemic non-filarial elephantiasis) in Wolaitta, Southern Ethiopia”.Trop Doct 2: 217–220.

Price EW (1974). “The relationship between endemic elephantiasis of the lower legs and the local soils and climate. A study in Wollamo District, Southern Ethiopia“.Trop Geogr Med 32:26–230.

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23 Feb 2011

Sample Essay: Causes of High Unemployment Rate Among Young People

The most recentsis continues to take its toll, and according to the International Labour Organization, young workers aged 18 to 35 years old may have been the hardest hit – resulting in a compelling rise in the population of unemployed young people all over the world (Moody, 2010). In a report published by the ILO entitled “Global Employment Trends for Youth,” the United Nations agency disclosed that by the end of 2009, there have been 81 million unemployed young people world-wide. This high unemployment rate “typically hovers around roughly double” the normal rate for the general global population (CBC News, 2010). Canada is no ex global economic criception. According to Statistics Canada, national unemployment rate was at 8.2% as of March 2010; and among youths, the rate escalated to 15.6% (CBC News, 2010). The Depository Services Program of the Canadian government points out that youth unemployment relative to that of adults is at a worse level since the country’s 1990-1991 recession (DSP, 2011). Closer scrutiny will reveal that the main causes for these dismal numbers are lack of skills; frictional unemployment; and minimum wages.

One of the most pressing needs for employers is a shortage in employee skills. Emerging evidence culled from the labour market implies that a good number of industries are confronted with a serious shortage of “high-skilled technical and non-technical workers” (OAYEC, 2003, p. 5). As the “Baby Boom” generation reaches retirement age, the current knowledge-based economy continues to demand a more highly-skilled labour force and the more recent concerns pertain to not having the sufficient number of workers who possess the required skills-set to match. A positive development in Canada is that the youth are generally staying in school much longer, and pursuing higher education that will be expected to meet the skill requirement for many industries (OAYEC, 2003, P. 5-6). For now, the dilemma is that a lot of young people find themselves marginalized from the labour market, mainly because the sill they have are not in demand, or simply because they do not have the required skills.

Participants in the labour market move in a very dynamic environment and the usually require time before they finally understand their objectives. In light of this, it is not therefore surprising that unemployed individuals and job vacancies do not co-exist. The reason for this is simply that fully-qualified unemployed people are yet to find job openings. This phenomenon is called frictionally unemployed. Job seekers collect information on available jobs, while employers go through a selection process from a line-up of candidates. Moreover, frictional unemployment has a high rate among young people because they have a low attachment to the labour force. More alternatives are available to them so, typically, they enter, withdraw and re-enter the labour market at will, more often. For instance, young people do not have the financial responsibilities like more adult workers and consequently, may elect to work for a while, then withdraw from the labour market – sometimes to travel perhaps or go back to school (ILO, 2010, pp. 9-10 and DSP, 2000).

Meanwhile, certain policies adopted by countries may exacerbate unemployment. One example of this in Canada is the minimum wage legislation. A minimum wage which “exceeds the competitively determined rate” will have a tendency to decrease the level of employment in a covered sector. To note, a covered sector refers to employees who are covered by minimum wage legislation (DSP, 2000). Thus, laws that mandate minimum wages for employees block the lowest skilled workers from the labour market – and this demographic is largely made up by young people. In order for an employer to justify a new hire, they need to calculate its costs: a new employee must be able to contribute more per hour than what they are actually being paid (Moody, 2010). Hence, less experienced young people with more or less the same qualifications will have to compete with more experienced adult workers for employment.


Global statistics show that the unemployment rates have escalated. It is alarming to note that the unemployment rate among young people, is typically double that of the general population. Three main reasons for this are lack of skills, frictional employment and minimum wages. In Canada, global trends are reflected in the country’s employment rate. A positive development in Canada is that students generally stay in school longer. This will be a great advantage in addressing the three causes of unemployment, which are largely associated with an individual’s skills-set.


CBC News. (2010). Youth unemployment skyrockets: OECD. Retrieved on 03 February 2011

from http://www.cbc.ca/money/story/2010/04/21/youth-unemployment-oecd.html

Depository Services Program. (2000). Youth Unemployment in Canada. Retrieved on

February 3, 2011 from http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/CIR/824-e.htm

International Labour Organization. (2010). Global employment trends for the youth.

Retrieved on February 3, 2011 from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—


Moody, Chris. (2010). Unemployment among young people way up; Does the minimum wage

play a part? Retrieved on February 3, 2011 from http://dailycaller.com/2010/08/15/


Ontario Association of Youth Employment Centers. (2003). Models of economic impact in a

skills shortage context. Retrieved on February 3, 2011 from


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