17 Oct 2009

Sample Essay: Methology and/or The Hero's Journey

Campbell delves into the theory that significant myths from all-around the world which have continued to exist for years all impart an essential organization, which Campbell called the monomyth.In a familiar quote from the prologue to The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Campbell abridged the monomyth as : “A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder : fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.”( Campbell 23)

Campbell illustrates several phases or steps down this voyage. The male protagonist starts in the run of the mill, and hears a call to cross the threshold and get into an extraordinary world of perplexing powers and actions .If the hero acknowledges the call to go into this weird and wonderful world, the hero must confront responsibilities and misery, and may have to cope with these distresses single-handedly, or may have aid. The hero must endure a relentless trial, time and again with assistance got down the journey.

However, if the hero lives to tell the tale, he may accomplish a grand bequest .This may be the goal or boon, which often results in vital information. The protagonist must then resolve whether he should come back with this boon. This would be his coming back to the mundane world, time and again confronting obstacles on the homecoming trip. If the hero is victorious in returning, the boon or gift may be exploited to develop the world.

The author of “Assata”, Assata Shakur in reality is JoAnne Chesimard; the Black Panther. She is constrained by a Negro’s life during the late 1960s and early 1970s. In, Assata she puts in writing regarding her living as a Negro in the 20’s, and the desire to transform social, political, and ethnicity of the prevailing society. This marks the initiation of her fight against racism. Shakur tactfully worked with the slave narrating “genre” to describe the social and moral matters of the time from the perspective of a clean hearted little black girl.   She brings into light the disgrace and hideousness of racism. For this kind of her behavior, she has been also long criticized for her more moderate representation of the extents of social illness of the time. Her communications with the white people are forever pessimistic. When a rather optimistic thing comes about, a depressing thing follows the writer is persistently jogging the reader’s memory that the white are appalling. This is yet another slave narrative “genre” with an unvarying reminder of white people being awful mentioned over and over again.

Although Shakur wrote several years after the end of the emancipation proclamation and the civil war, America still struggled to emerge out cleanly out of the disgraces of racism and the aftermaths of slavery. When she began writing, race relations were beginning to withstand new strains, trapped now in a cleverer and more civilized white society. These new forces were more social and personal than official. The book, “Assata”, consists of persuasive pictures of her growing up in the 50’s. These suggestive passages structure barely a minute segment of Shakur’s narrative, regrettably; the rest is mostly an expanse in which subsequently to nothing is exposed. This new form of racism in the south was less institutionalized and monolithic but at the same time was more difficult to resolve or combat. We get to see Shakur’s fleeing from home to work in unpleasant Greenwich Village bars, and to finish becoming radicalized at Manhattan Community College during the mid-60. This may be marked as the departure stage in Shakur’s life.The white society although outlawed slavery and racism, most certainly due to growing ethical, moral and international pressures, was beginning to learn to adopt a more hypocritical, self-defensive reason to hate the newly freed blacks, to keep them away.
Shakur employs a predisposed analysis to manipulate the mind and heart of the reader.

This new tactic, intoxicated with the velvety diplomacies of pity, care and tolerance, made things even worse for the blacks. In the book, Shakur speaks of the disgraces of racism and the immoralities of slavery with a most light hearted and moderate appeal. Very rightly, she criticizes the aspects of morality in terms of slavery, racism and other such critical social concerns.  In the eyes of a little young black girl having spent her childhood in Queens and Wilmington, N.C., we read Shakur’s depiction of a Negro’s life, as an allegorical representation of the plight of blacks in the United States even in the post-slavery time. He tactfully  exposes the duplicity of freedom, enfranchisement and equality, demonstrating how racism distorted the oppressors as much as it did those who were oppressed, yet in a most humorous and easy flow.

Shakur often says that  even while she does speak candidly regarding this congregation of identities, race, gender, and class oppression she  often does thus in an approach that exposes her as a  victim. for instance this formulates it into a complexity for white people to argue about  race,gender,class with no culpability, and it makes women, noticeable minorities. Eventually this makes talking about race, gender, class matter a substance, rather than receiving at what is actually significant.

The greater the power, the more dangerous is the abuse. The truth in the statement is well proved in her life. Shakur reveals the reality of life with constant struggle for the basic human rights among the blacks. Shakur wrote the book to show how political systems cannot govern society effectively without first taking into consideration the defects of human nature. The shortcomings of human nature are exemplified in her novel and she illustrates that men are innately vice.Shakur brings into light the hypocrisy and unnecessary diplomacy of the society of the time. Such a shaky sense of justice without a plinth of morality and pride, that the black boy repeatedly encounters, has been efficiently illuminated. Clearly, she pities the society of the period, a surrounding marked by cowardice and selfishness and devoid of free and logical thinking. On the contrary, the foremost procedure Shakur used in her book was sympathy. Sympathy is first used when Shakur leads a poverty stricken and constrained life.

The reader gets an emotion of distress for her and wants providential things to happen to him. Unfairness is exposed all the way through the novel.

All the while, the picture that the author shows of the black girl is that of a hero, a little young stubborn and disobedient girl with a clean heart and an honest soul. She presents herself as also a free logical thinker; a philosopher who defies the unnecessary assumptions and standards of the society of the period. She makes the reader to take the black girl as an honest and clear hearted character who shall never do any wrong or try to harm others intentionally. She is a great author who most beautifully incorporates life and its better and worse aspects into writing. The specialty of Shakur lied in her graceful interpretation of the society. However in a climatic twist, Shakur shifts from the narrative genre to a woman’s movement. This twist can be noted when her mother gets her daughter to visit her at the Clinton Correctional facility. She had been sent there from Alderson. When she tries to kiss her daughter, her face contorts with anger; she refuses to accept her as her mother. A mother is the primary care giver of a child but when she is suspected of criminal activity, especially by her own child, she is shattered. Motherhood is thus invoked in the narrative “Assata”. Thus Shakur works with the slave narrative “genre” nevertheless quits and shifts into a mother’s movement. This marks the return in Shakur’s journey.

As a young left out slave girl, Shakur makes a heroic journey those years, even in the 19th century when the world was a difficult place to life for those whose skins were black and those unfortunately born as slaves.

Hence Shakur’s life includes all of these phases. These phases may be structured in different methods together with splitting up into three segments: Departure, Initiation and Return, in accordance with Campbell’s significant myths.


Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968. California: New World Library, 2008.

Shakur, Assata: Assata: An Autobiography, Lawrence Hill Books, 1987.

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