07 Oct 2009

Sample Essay: Anatomy and Physiology and It's Role In The Medical Field

Anatomy and physiology make up the entire framework of the human body. All medical personnel should understand the basic principles of anatomy and physiology from a professional perspective. Medical programs train students on every aspect of the healthcare industry to prepare each member for success. There are hundreds of specialties within the healthcare industry. Health information management serves as the foundation of a healthcare industry. Members are trained to understand the inner working components in medical facilities. One can consider health information management as a law enforcement team. Anatomy and physiology sound like basic medical terms, but it imperative that all members in the medical field understand general knowledge of the terms. The healthcare industry is relying on qualified candidates to improve, delegate and enforce strict patient and ethical standards.

Anatomy and physiology serve as the framework to the human body. The healthcare industry uses anatomy and physiology to ensure medical professionalism. Anatomy describes and identifies different parts of the human body while physiology refers to how each part functions. Anatomy and Physiology work in unison to compliment one another. A variety of healthcare professionals use anatomy and physiology as the foundation to their professional duties. Health information management relies on anatomy and physiology as a way to preserve confidentiality. This research paper will explore health information management and the entities importance in adopting anatomy and physiology into their framework of fundamental duties.

Healthcare industry jobs are a valuable commodity in the workforce. While there many shortages in the professional sector, medical field positions continue to rise above the competition. Entities are searching for medical programs that will accommodate their eager ability to learn about health related material. Medical programs adopt anatomy and physiology into their curriculum to provide the basic fundamentals of the human body. A formal discussion of anatomy and physiology would be too large of a subject matter to delve into. It would be wise to approach anatomy and physiology from a beginner standpoint.

Anatomy and physiology are innovative medical terms that cover the functions and identifiable factors of the human body. Gray & Lewis (1918) noted the study of anatomy as “a consideration of the various structures which make up the human organism”(33). In simple terms, anatomy is made up of every minuscule area in the human body. One must look at anatomy using micro details. Vital organs, cells and dendrites are considered anatomy. Everything a subject can’t view with the naked eye is part of anatomy. Now that anatomy was explored, how does physiology fall into the debate? Physiology is known as the “fundamental properties of all cells” and “how our bodies react” (Astrand 2003, p. 29). Every part of the human body has some sort of function. Physiology covers the internal, external, micro and macro functions of the human body.

The human body attracts the attention of healthcare professionals with in-depth voyeuristic abilities. Anatomy and physiology simplifies the learning process. Why must anatomy and physiology remain a constant focus in healthcare positions? Healthcare professionals need to understand everything aspect of their field. Health information management, physicians, physical therapists, nurse, medical billing members, nursing assistant, lab technicians, radiology technicians, Pharmacists, respiratory therapists and other specialties are responsible for learning about the basic fundamentals regarding the medical field. Anatomy and physiology are the simplest form of medical content. Whether one handles paperwork, medical records, patient care and dietary responsibilities, all medical members serve as a collaborative team. An effective team explores the inner working hub of patient relations. Health information management takes on anatomy and physiology like a law enforcement team.

Health information management focuses on the global aspect of medical terminology. What do health information management departments do for healthcare facilities? Health information management members offer the medical field an important role of leadership as:

Health Information Management professionals are responsible for the development and administration of healthcare data collection and reporting systems that ensure the quality,integrity, availability, and preservation of data in support of patient safety, privacy, confidentiality and security (CHP 2008).

In succession of duties, health information management maintains patient confidentiality, improves ethical standards, safeguard medical records and patient information and communicates with pharmacy about medication.

Health information management keeps the medical field efficiently running on smooth ground. There is an immediate urgency to develop an understanding of patients: condition, diagnosis, medication, privacy, disease, laws and medical code of ethics, which models health information management’s respective role as healthcare enforcers (Kuehn 1997). Health information management members operate within healthcare facilities like human resource management entities do in organizations. The only difference is that health information management must understand ICD9 medical codes, diagnosis, enforce ethical standards, maintain privacy and conform to strict standards in relation to the medical code of conduct.

Health information management members use their anatomy and physiology training to communicate with admissions, medical billing department and other departments within the healthcare facility. They are exposed to confidential conditions, which require some basic anatomy and physiology knowledge.

Entities assume that medical personnel who don’t work directly with patients should avoid learning medical terminology. Healthcare professionals rely on medical terminology like lawyers, criminologists and scholars depend on their innovative word usage. Medical records specialists are responsible for retrieving, storing and transferring medical records through the healthcare facility and sometimes outside of the traditional borders. Medical programs expose medical record specialist student to a rigorous anatomy and physiology boot camp. Health information management departments are nucleus of a hospital. They keep the cell functioning and must understand anatomy, physiology, billing and other perceptive material.


The healthcare industry is currently experiencing difficulty in filling professional positions. Over a decade ago, analysts had predicted shortages in nursing and other related specialties. The healthcare industry failed to attract qualified candidates, which directly compromised the quality in patient care. Health information management positions are in excessive demand. Colleges are unable to accommodate the high demand for their quality medical programs. Admitted students must accept a highly disciplined program that engages in extensive coverage of medical anatomy, physiology, diseases, chemistry, laws and ethics. A medical worker shouldn’t be one-dimensional. College curriculums are competitive to ensure that a student learns every aspect of the medical field. If one desires to cross train in the near future, they will understand basic fundamentals of the healthcare industry. Healthcare industry positions will continue to be in constant demand, as people are living longer lives. In the next decade, nursing and health information management vacancies will double. The pool of qualified candidates can never outweigh the demand. Anatomy and physiologic may appear as basic fundamentals of the human body, but possessing knowledge will allow for an effective healthcare industry.


CHP: Health and Information Management (2008). Retrieved July 28, 2008, from http://www.temple.edu/chp/departments/him/

Åstrand, P.-O., & Åstrand, P.-O. (2003). Textbook of work physiology: physiological bases of exercise. Champaign, IL:  Human Kinetics.

Gray, H., & Lewis, W. H. (1918). Anatomy of the human body.   Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.

Kuehn, L. (1997). Health information management: medical records process in group practice. Englewood, Colo: Center for Research in Ambulatory Care Administration (104 Inverness Terrace East, Englewood, CO 80112-5306).

Perlman, A., & Schulze-Delrieu, K. (1997). Deglutition and its disorders: anatomy, physiology, clinical diagnosis, and management. San Diego: Singular Pub. Group.

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